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Ambani, 63 with a net wealth of $70.1 billion, is now the world’s seventh richest according to Forbes real time data. He is also the only Asian to feature in the top 10, ranking ahead of Google co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin.
Almost all the gains in Reliance Industries shares have come on account of the Rs1,17,588 crore the company has raised for Jio Platforms. Marquee investors include the likes of Facebook, sovereign wealth fund Abu Dhabi Investment

Authority and private equity players KKR and Vista Equity Partners. The deals have been done at an equity valuation of Rs491,000 crore and an enterprise value of Rs516,000 crore. A sum of the parts valuation of the company values the telecom business as the one with the most potential to grow.

Formal Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) and market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), via a video conference, for exchange of data between the two organisations. This will facilitate sharing of data and information on automatic, regular, request and suo moto basis between the two authorities.
Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs has issued a Circular No.32/2020-Customs dated July 06, 2020 regarding turant Suvidha Kendra and Other Initiatives for Contactless Customs. Under its flagship ‘Turant Customs’ programme aimed at providing a ‘Faceless, Contactless and Paperless’ Customs administration. 

Income Tax Dept's argument that the waiver of a loan constitutes an operational subsidy which is taxable is not correct. Therefore, even if a “loan” is written off or waived, which can be for various reasons, it cannot partake the character of a “subsidy”. The waiver of a loan cannot be brought to tax u/s 28(iv) of the Act (Favour of Assessee) Essar Shipping Limited vs. CIT (Bombay High Court). 

CBIC extends benefits under TurantCustoms by issuing Circular No. 32/2020-Customs providing setting up of Turant Suvidha Kendra in all Customs Formations and introducing other initiatives for Contactless Customs by 15 July 2020.
GST Council, which will meet later in July, is likely to witness sharp differences in opinion over the Centre's obligation to make up for state's GST losses. GST collections have fallen drastically owing to the coronavirus lockdown, which was imposed on March 25. Some states, including Kerala, have been demanding that the Centre borrow from the market to pay dues to states. 

RBI has extended the timeline for finalization of audited accounts by Non Banking Financial Companies (NBFC). RBI has decided that every applicable NBFC shall finalise its balance sheet within a period of 3 months from the date to which it pertains or any date as notified by SEBI for submission of financial results by listed entities.

Income tax department has amended the TDS form, making it more comprehensive and mandating deductors to state reasons for non-deduction of tax. As per the amended form, banks will also have to report Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) for cash withdrawals above Rs 1 crore. CBDT has amended Income Tax Rules to include TDS on e-commerce operators, dividend distributed by mutual funds and business trusts, cash withdrawals, professional fees and interest. 

Wef 1.7.20, TDS @ 2% u/s 194N for cash withdrawal from bank a/cs of 20 lac to 1 cr & 5% above 1 cr if ITRs for 3 years not filed. For others, @ 2% above 1 cr.

CBIC issued a Notification No. 57/2020 – Central Tax dated June 30, 2020 that All the Taxpayers who have failed to furnish the return in FORM GSTR-3B for the months of Feb, 2020 to July, 2020, by the due date but have furnished the said return till September 30, 2020, the total amount of late fee shall stand waived which is in excess of INR 250. Also said fees shall stand fully waived for the taxpayers where the total amount of tax payable is nil.
RBI through an announcement on the Foreign Liabilities and Assets Information Reporting (FLAIR) system website has extended the due date of filing of Foreign Liabilities and Assets (FLA) Return for FY 2019-20to 31st July, 2020.

CBIC instructed that person required to pay tax on the shortfall from threshold requirement of procuring input and input services (below 80%) from registered person shall use the form DRC-03 to pay the tax electronically on the common portal within the prescribed period.

30.6.20 was the LAST DAY to pay TDS of March, April & May 2020 with interest @ 0.75% pm from Due Date. Wef 1.7.2020, interest @ 1.5% pm from Date of Deduction.

File TDS Statements for March & Jun 2020 quarters by 31.7.2020. Issue form 16 for FY 19-20 & Form 16A etc for March  & Jun 2020 quarters by 15.8.2020. 
CBDT has issued a notification amending rules to allow taxpayers who are opting for the new tax regime to claim exemption for allowance to meet cost of travel and daily expenses on transfer, tour allowance for travel for official purposes to meet the travel and daily expenses, and conveyance allowance for meeting conveyance expenditure incurred in course of performing official duties. Besides, transport allowance for handicapped employee to commute to and from office is also tax exempt.

CBDT notification clarifies that except free meals/ beverages/ meal coupons, tax treatment of other perquisites specified under Rule 3, such as rent free accommodation, motor cars, free/ concessional education facility, telephone, concessional loan, gifts, club membership, etc. provided by employer will remain the same, both under old scheme as well as under new scheme. 

CBIC has mandated the Builders payment of 18% GST if procurement of materials from registered dealers falls short of the threshold. builders will now have to pay a higher rate of goods and services tax if they haven’t bought at least 80% of the construction material from registered dealers.

Bombay High Court declared the registered trademark ‘ISKCON’ of the religious organisation International Society for Krishna Consciousness as a ‘well-known mark in India (ISKCON v. Iskcon Apparel Pvt. Ltd. & Anr). Well-known trademarks enjoy broader protections than ordinary trademarks, in view of their widespread reputation and recognition.
CBDT has issued a Notification for further extending the time limits of compliances under Income Tax Act:

Due date for filing Income Tax Return for F.Y 2019-20 has been extended to 30.11.2020 .

Due date for furnishing of report of audit under any provision of Income Tax for FY 2019-20 has been extended to 31.10.2020 .

Deductions under Ch-VIA like Sec 80C, 80D, 80G, etc can now be made upto 31.07.2020 for FY 2019-20.
In order to provide relief to small and middle class taxpayers, the date for payment of self-assessment tax in the case of a taxpayer whose self-assessment tax liability is up to Rs. 1 Lakh has also been extended to 30th November, 2020.
However, it is clarified that there will be no extension of date for the payment of self-assessment tax for the taxpayers having self-assessment tax liability exceeding Rs. 1 lakh.
In this case, the whole of the self-assessment tax shall be payable by the due dates specified in the Income Tax Act (IT Act) and delayed payment would attract interest under section 234A of the IT Act.

The date for making investment/ construction/ purchase for claiming roll over benefit/ deduction in respect of capital gains under sections 54 to 54GB of the IT Act has also been further extended to 30th September, 2020. Therefore, the investment/ construction/ purchase made up to 30th September, 2020 shall be eligible for claiming deduction from capital gains.

The date for passing of order or issuance of notice by the authorities and various compliances under various direct taxes & Benami Law which are required to be passed/ issued/ made by 31st December, 2020 has been extended to 31st March, 2021.

Consequently, the date for linking of Aadhaar with PAN would also be extended to 31st March, 2021.

The date for commencement of operation for the SEZ units for claiming deduction under deduction 10AA of the IT Act has also been further extended to 30th September, 2020 for the units which received necessary approval by 31st March 2020.

The reduced rate of interest of 9% for delayed payments of taxes, levies, etc. specified in the Ordinance shall not be applicable for the payments made after 30th June, 2020.

Gst: Government vide Instruction No. 3/2/2020-GST dated 24.06.2020 has prescribed that the payment of shortfall from the threshold requirement of procuring 80% inputs and input service from registered persons shall be made through Form DRC-03 on the common portal within the prescribed period i.e. 30.06.2020 for FY 2019-20.
Income Tax Section 40(a)(ia) - The amendment to s. 40(a)(ia) by the Finance (No.2) Act, 2015 w.e.f. 01.04.2015, which restricts the disallowance for failure to deduct TDS to 30% of the expenditure instead of 100%, is curative in nature and should be applied retrospectively. Muradul Haque vs. ITO (ITAT Delhi), ITA No.114/Del/2019 , 18.06.2020

CBIC issues clarification on calculating 30 day period for filing application for revocation of cancellation of registration where cancellation order was passed up to June 12, 2020.CBIC further issued an order specifying that in said case, the later of the following dates shall be considered, (a) Date of service of the said cancellation order or (b) August 31, 2020

MCA has included contributions towards the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) and Central Para Military Forces (CPMF) veterans and their dependents including widows, within the definition of corporate social responsibility (CSR).

Foreign companies such as Apple that import finished goods or inputs from China to India could be spared the recently imposed 100% physical check of shipments from that country.  The heightened scrutiny of Chinese imports, which has led to goods getting stuck at ports and airports, follows border hostilities between the two nations and a move to reduce India’s business and trade ties with its neighbour.

TDS Reduced rate of interest of 9% pa for delayed payments of Income tax, TDS, GST etc applicable for payments made till 30.6.2020 Wef 1.7.2020, pay interest @18% pa.

File TDS Statements for Mar & Jun 2020 quarters by 31.7.20. Issue form 16 for FY 19-20 & Form 16A etc for Mar & Jun 2020 quarters by 15.8.2020.

?GSTR For turnover above 5cr, file GSTR-3B for May by 27.06.2020 & by 20 of next month for Jun, Jul etc. For Turnover upto 5 cr, file for May, Jun & July till 30.09.2020.

Union Cabinet approved an Ordinance to bring urban cooperative banks and multi-state cooperative banks under the supervision of Reserve Bank of India. This was announced by Union Minister Prakash Javadekar in a media briefing about the cabinet decisions. "It will give an assurance to 8.6 crore depositors in these banks that their money will stay safe. 
Commerce ministry has asked exporters to submit ''Certificate of Origin'' applications for shipments to all Asean countries, except Thailand. India has a free trade agreement (FTA) with 10-nation Asean (Association of South East Asian Nations) bloc. Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam are the members of the bloc.   

GST will be levied on sale of land for which primary amenities - such as drainage, waterline and electricity - have been provided by real estate developer, the Authority for Advance Ruling (AAR) has said. The AAR has also concluded that sale of developed plots will be covered under the clause 'construction of a complex intended for sale to a buyer' and accordingly GST would be levied.

Government has sought product-wise details of cheap imports, comparison with domestic prices and tax disadvantage, if any, from industry to curb low quality inbound shipments especially from China and boost domestic manufacturing. They said a high level meeting to discuss ways to promote Atma Nirbhar Bharat (Self-reliant India), including cut in import dependence from China, also took place recently in the PMO. 

MCA has given a three-month extension to companies to set aside a part of the deposits and debentures maturing in FY21 in a dedicated account, a statutory requirement under the Companies Act. MCA in a circular that the due date of April end, which was extended till end of June in a circular in March, has been further extended till end of September.

RBI has told the Delhi High Court that Google Pay is a third party app provider (TPAP) and does not operate any payment systems. Therefore, its operations are not in violation of the Payment and Settlement System Act of 2007. 

Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs issued a Notification No. 48/2020 – Central Tax dated June 19, 2020 regarding filing of GSTR-3B also through EVC. Companies, during the period April 21, 2020 to September 30, 2020, shall be allowed to furnish FORM GSTR-3B verified through electronic verification code.

GST: Delhi High Court upholds the claim of transitional credit in light with its earlier judgments, even after retrospective amendment in CGST Act. 
Case law: SKH Sheet Metals Components Vs. UOI & Ors (Del. HC I Dt. 16.06.2020 I WP(C ) No. 13151/2019
MCA: Relaxation of time limit in filing Form CHG-1 & CHG-9 for registration/ modification of charges from 17.6.20 to 30.9.20. MCA Circular 23/2020 of 17.6.20.

MCA plans to decriminalise various provisions of the Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) Act as part of efforts to provide greater ease of doing business as well as to de-clog the criminal justice system. More than 1.45 lakh LLPs are registered under the LLP Act and a bulk of them are small and medium enterprises. 

Income Tax: Several Mauritius-based foreign portfolio investors are relooking at their investment company structures, after a recent order by a quasi-judicial body denying benefits of grandfathering provisions under the India-Mauritius Double Tax Avoidance Agreement treaty to private equity firm Tiger Global.

CBIC – GST : The Central Board Indirect Taxes and Customs has issued a clarification on refund related issues onInput Tax Credit in respect of invoices whose details are not reflected in the FORM GSTR-2A of the applicant.

GST: A domestic company buying goods from abroad and selling to another country will have to pay GST on such transactions even if the said products are not entering the Indian territory, the Authority for advance ruling (AAR) has said. On an application filed by Sterlite Technologies, the Gujarat-Bench of AAR has ruled that GST is payable on goods sold to customer located outside India. 
Delhi High Court, dismissing a petition seeking directions to waive rent payable by tenants during the Covid-19 lockdown period, observed that "there can be no eviction, on ground of non-payment of the rent for tenants who are poor" but "it ought to be kept in mind that even the landlords can be financially dependent on the rent".  

First quarter advance tax collection from India Inc has been revised upward to Rs 39,880 crore from initial mop up of Rs 8,572 crore as payments by some heavyweight companies have come late due to Covid-19 limitations. In some cases, banks are still updating the final figures. According to the latest numbers, the corporation advance tax payments showed a dip of 40 per cent as on June 17 over Rs 65,558 cr in the same period a year ago.

Income Tax Corporate advance tax collections were down 79% on year in the period while advance payments of personal income tax were lower by 65%. The total collections of advance taxes, a mechanism used by the large individual and corporate taxpayers, were just Rs 11,714 crore till the June 15 deadline, less than a quarter of Rs 48,917 crore collected in the year-ago period.

MCA had earlier issued General Circular No. 14/2020 dated April 8, 2020 and General Circular No. 17/2020 dated April 13, 2020 for providing clarifications on the passing of ordinary and special resolutions by companies by holding Extraordinary General Meetings (EGMs) through video conferencing (VC) or Other Audio-Visual Means (OAVM) or the passing of certain items only through postal ballot without convening the general meeting.

Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT) has released a list of more than 500 ‘Made in China’ products to be boycotted after border tensions between India and China escalated on June 16. Products on the list include toys, fabrics, textiles, apparel, everyday items, kitchen items, furniture, hardware, footwear, handbags, etc

RBI has relaxed the deployment norms of automated teller machines (ATMs) by white-label players, who will now not need to put up thousands of units every year. This is way off the 1,000-25,000 ATMs that would have been added annually by each operator based on the schemes they had opted for. Industry sources say as many as 200,000 WLATMs would have been deployed if the run rate had been maintained.

FSSAI: Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has decided to extend the date for a mandatory food safety audit of food businesses under the FSS (Food Safety Auditing) Regulations 2018. FSSAI, in order, has stated that the food businesses holding Central licences and falling under high risk category can now complete the mandatory audit by Sept 30, 2020. 

Income Tax S. 68 Bogus Cash Credits: In the case of an assessee engaged in providing 'accommodation entries', the entire deposits cannot be assessed as unexplained cash credits. Only the commission (0.15%) earned in providing the accommodation entries can be assessed as income (PCIT vs. NRA Iron and Steel (2019) 103 Taxmann.com 48 (SC) distinguished) 

Goods and Services Tax Council decided to further ease compliance burden of businesses by providing relief on late free and interest payable on late payments. It reduced late fee and interest for those with tax liabilities and waived off late fee completely for those with no tax liabilities.

High Court of Kerala gave an judgment regarding GST Authorities to re-open portal for acceptance of a rectified GST TRAN-1. filling of the Form GST TRAN-1 electronically or accept manually in case of South Indian Bank Ltd. V. Union of India [2020] 113 taxmann.com 306 (Kerala) 

All India Forum of Real Estate Regulatory Authorities (AIFORERA) is planning to approach the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to request for an one-time loan restructuring for the real estate sector, taking a cue from a similar aid extended to the micro, small and medium enterprises segment by the central bank.

Income Tax -New disclosures asked in the New ITR forms 1 to 7 are: 

1. House ownership: Individual taxpayers who are joint owners of house property cannot file ITR-1 or ITR-4.

2. Passport: One needs to disclose the Passport number if held by the taxpayer. This is to be furnished both in ITR 1-Sahaj and ITR 4-Sugam. Hopefully, it will be made mandatory in other ITR Forms as and when they are notified.

3. Cash deposit: For those filing ITR 4-Sugam, it has been made compulsory to declare the amount deposited as cash in a bank account, if such amount exceeds Rs 1 crore during the FY.

4.  Foreign travel: If you have spent more than Rs 2 lakh on traveling abroad during the FY, you need to disclose the actual amount spent.

5. Electricity consumption: If your electricity bills have been more than Rs 1 lakh in aggregate during the FY, you need to disclose the actual amount.

6.  Investment details:  Details of investment qualifying for deduction under chapter VIA with bifurcation of details of investment made during the period from April 1, 2020 to June 30, 2020.

7.  Extension - For every assessment year, the last date for filing tax returns is July 31, However, this year ITR filing date has been extended till November 30, 2020 due to pandemic Covid-19. 

8.  ?Income Tax Exemptions and Deductions that you can claim under the New Tax Regime for FY 2020-21 (AY 2021-22): Withdrawal by an employee from the Employees' Provident Fund (EPF) is not taxable after 5 years of continuous service.

9. Withdrawal from National Pension Scheme (NPS) on maturity or premature closure up to 40% of the amount received on such withdrawal remains tax free for all. In case of partial withdrawal from NPS, up to 25% of the contributions made by the individual will be tax free. Employer’s contribution to NPS up to 10% of their basic salary and dearness allowance also remains tax free.

10. Under Section 10 (10D) of the Income Tax Act, the sum assured and any bonus paid on maturity or surrender of the life insurance plan is tax free. Maturity proceeds continue to be exempt under Section 10(10D) even in the new regime. The maturity amount including interest received on the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana will not attract any tax.

11. Conveyance Allowance granted to meet expenditure incurred on conveyance in performance of duties of an office and any allowance granted to an employee to meet the cost of travel on tour or on transfer (including relocation) are tax free. Interest received from post office savings account balance up to ?3,500 annually per individual will remain free from tax.

12. Any scholarship granted to meet education costs is tax exempt under Section 10 (16) of the Income Tax Act. Gratuity received from the employer up to ?20 lakh after rendering 5 years of continuous service. Leave encashment received at the time of resignation or retirement up to ?3 lakh.

13. Form 26AS will now be a complete profile of the taxpayer w.e.f. 01.06.2020, CBDT vide Notification dated May 28, 2020 amended Form 26AS in Sec 285BB w.e.f. 01.06.2020. Key takeaways are:

14. New form 26AS will also provide information in respect of “Specified financial transactions” which include transactions of purchase/ sale of goods, property, services, works contract, investment, expenditure, taking or accepting any loan or deposits of such value as may be prescribed but not less than of Rs 50,000.

15. Information about income tax demand, refund, proceedings pending, and proceedings completed which may include assessment, reassessment under section 148,153A 153C, revision, appeal will also be shared in this form 26AS.

16.Information on this form 26AS will not be a one-time affair at year end. This will be a live 26AS, as this will be updated regularly within 3 months from the end of the month in which such information is received.  

17. Form 26AS will now be a complete profile of the taxpayer for that particular year as against earlier form 26AS which just provided the information about taxes paid by way of TDS/TCS or self-assessing. This form will also have mobile no, email I’d and Aadhar no. of the taxpayer.  

18. Further an enabling provision has been notified empowering the CBDT to authorise DG Systems or any other officer to upload in this form, information received from any other officer, authority under any law. Thus any adverse action initiated or taken or found or order passed under any other law such as custom , GST , Benami Law etc. including information about Turnover, import, export etc. will also be put in this form 26AS so that not only the concerned taxpayer but  also all the Income Tax authorities will  know and have access to such information.    

19. This form 26AS will also provide information received by Tax Deptt from any other country under the treaty /exchange of information about income or assets of the taxpayer located outside India.  

20.  The implication of this new form 26AS will be that banks , financial institutions or any other authority or customer , buyer etc. while carrying out due diligence of the person/ corporate concerned will now ask for form 26AS  so as to be sure that there are not any major issues about such person/corporate.  

21. This will now make difficult for any taxpayer to hide information from any bank / financial institution/ authority about any proceedings against under any law or tax demand, tax disputes etc.

Validity of e-way bill generated upto 24.3.20 & whose validity expired on or after 20.3.20, extended till 30.6.20. Notification 47/2020-CT of 9.6.20.

GST Clarification in respect of levy of GST on Director’s Remuneration Circular No: 140/10/2020 - GST dated 10.06.2020: It is clarified that the part of Director's remuneration which are declared as Salaries in the books of a company and subjected to TDS under Section 192 of the IT Act, are not subject to GST and not treated as supply in terms of Schedule III of the CGST Act, 2017.

It is further clarified that the part of Director's remuneration which is declared separately *other than "salaries" in the Company's accounts and subjected to TDS under Section 194J of the IT Act as Fees for professional or Technical Services shall be treated as taxable supply for GST and company is liable to discharge the applicable GST on it on RCM basis.
MCA has notified the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020. The government of India has effectively suspended fresh bankruptcy proceedings against persons impacted because of COVID-19 for at least six months, up to a maximum of one year.
Start-ups can now issue equity shares to their employees for up to 10 years from the date of their incorporation or registration. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has amended the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014, to allow start-ups to issue sweat equity shares not exceeding 50 per cent of its paid-up capital.
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Monday said the government will consider an extension in the deadline for availing the lower 15% corporate tax rate on new investments, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Same transaction can’t be taxed in the hands of two assessees. Rajesh Gupta Vs ITO (ITAT Delhi). The issue under consideration is that whether A.O. is correct in taxing the same turnover in the hands of two assessees

Share transfer without consideration under family arrangement cannot be treated as sham transaction. Case Name : Glebe Trading Pvt. Ltd. Vs ITO (ITAT Delhi)

CBDT assigned jurisdiction to officers from its international tax division over assessees coming under the purview of ‘equalisation levy’ on e-commerce companies. Experts said the CBDT’s move is a sign that the government is moving ahead with the levy, which came into force on April 1, despite several representations from industry bodies on behalf of foreign companies calling for deferment of the tax due to the fear that the wide-ranging scope of the law may end up taxing even non-digital transactions, leading to possible double taxation. 

GST: Co-operative society is not liable to deduct TDS where Government participation is less than 51%. AAR gave an ruling regarding clarification in respect of applicability of TDS in respect of Cooperative Societies in case of Tamil Nadu Coop. Silk Producers Federation Ltd  [2019] 112 taxmann.com 7 (AAR - 

Union Cabinet approved amendments to the Essential Commodities Act, removing APMC restrictions for farmers to deregulate agricultural commodities like cereals, pulses, oilseeds, onions and potatoes.  
India will provide relief to overseas companies with global income that may be subject to tax here because the presence of their key management personnel stuck in the country during the lockdown created a ‘permanent establishment’ or place of effective management in the country. 

Foreign branches of Indian banks and those located in the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) in GIFT City traded in non-deliverable forwards (NDF) for the first time on Monday. The RBI in the past was against this market, but gave way when it was found that the offshore volume in rupee trading is higher than the onshore one.
Prime Minister launched the technology platform ‘Champions’ which stands for Creation and Harmonious Application of Modern Processes for Increasing the Output and National Strength.The ICT based system is aimed at making the smaller units big by solving their grievances, encouraging, supporting, helping and handholding.
MSME and farm sectors received major boosts on Monday as the Union Cabinet approved relief packages announced earlier by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman along with a few new reliefs of Rs 20,000/- Crore. 
Union cabinet has approved further changes to the definition of micro, small and medium enterprises, a Rs 20,000-crore fund to provide equity support to stressed entities in the sector, and equity infusion of Rs 50,000 crore into MSMEs through a fund of funds.
Dept of UTGST of Daman and Diu decided to switch over of existing GSTIN with state code 25 to New State code of 26 w.e.f. June 01, 2020

?Income Tax Form 26AS in Sec 285BB was amended by the Finance Act 2020 W.e.f. 01.06.2020 shall contain following information:
Specified Financial Transactions
payment if taxes 
demand and refund
pending proceedings (vi)completed proceedings specified Financial Transactions are stated in section 285BA(3).
GST Portal: EVC option has been activated for GSTR-1 return. Now, we can file GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B with EVC option in case of companies also.
Ministry of Corporate Affairs, vide Gazette Notification dated 26th May, 2020, has made the Prime Minister’s Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations Fund (PM CARES Fund) eligible to receive contributions from corporate social responsibility (CSR) corpuses of corporates.

Sebi is unlikely to agree to India Inc’s demand of waiving financial results disclosures for the first quarter of this financial year. Industry bodies Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (Ficci) had requested the regulator to relax the norms due to the disruption caused by Covid-19.
DGFT vide Notification No. 07/2015-20 dated 28.05.2020 has removed restriction on the export of Paracetamol API, with immediate effect.

PF Contribution @10% for Salary of May, June & July is Optional. Employer or employee can pay at normal rate of 12% FAQ of EPFO of 20.05.2020. 
Supreme Court has observed that Retirement of one partner amounts to dissolution of partnership firms consisting of only two partners: When there are only two partners and one has agreed to retire, then the retirements amounts to dissolution of the firm.
Income Tax Gross direct tax collections recorded a 13 per cent fall up to May 23 this year, compared to the same period last year. Gross tax collections declined to Rs 91,646 crore between April 1 and May 23, compared to Rs 1.05 trillion in the corresponding period of FY20. Refunds worth Rs 16,242 crore were issued during this period, a 68 per cent fall compared to the Rs 51,655 crore disbursed last year.

?GST: ITC-02A enabled at GST common portal for transfer of ITC in Credit Ledger to other registered entities/place of businesses in same state.
Government could allow companies to claim input tax credit for personal protective equipment (PPE) kits, sanitisers, masks and other such goods distributed free for battling Covid-19. Officials in Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) aware of the development said the issue was being examined and a decision is expected shortly.
?TDS: Pay Interest @0.75% for 2 months if you pay TDS of March from 1-31 May. Interest @0.75% for 1 Month if you pay TDS of April from 8-31 May.

Government should consider keeping in abeyance the 2 per cent equalisation levy on e-commerce companies as there are ambiguities surrounding its applicability.  Budget 2020-21, expanded the scope of “equalisation levy” to include consideration received by e-commerce operators from e-commerce supply or services. The 2 per cent levy came into effect from April 1, 2020. 
Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs has issued a  Notification No. 24/2020 – Customs dated May 21, 2020 regarding to amend notification No. 56/2000-Customs, No. 57/2000-Customs and No. 40/2015-Customs providing for extension of last date of export by six months, for those cases where the last date of export falls between February 1, 2020 and July 31, 2020 due to the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic.
Lower PF Rate of 10% to be applicable for both employer(except Central Govt) & employee for Salary of May, June & July 2020. SO 1513(E) of 18.5.20. 
No Penal Damages in case of Late Deposit of PF Contribution or Administrative charges during Lockdown. EPFO Circular no C-I/Misc/2020 21/Vol I/1112  of 15.5.20.
Income tax department has notified the 'safe harbour' rates for 2019-20 fiscal for calculation of transfer pricing by foreign companies in India. CBDT has notified changes to Rules 10TD and 10TE of Income Tax Rules relating to Safe Harbour Rules. It said rates applicable from Assessment Year (AY) 2017-18 to 2019-20 will continue to apply for AY 2020-21. Transfer pricing implies the prices at which various overseas divisions of a company transact with each other. 
Commissioner of Central Goods and Service Tax (CGST) issued guidelines for the virtual hearing of appeals and adjudication of indirect tax cases under the provisions of Central Excise Act, 1944; the Finance Act, 1994 and Central Goods and Service Tax Act. addressing all the trade associations of the assessee in Thane commissioner, CAs, manufacturer association, etc.

CBIC has asked GST risk management wing to conduct supply chain analysis to identify risky major suppliers to exporters and share it with jurisdictional field officers. CBIC had received representations from exporters saying in some cases the Integrated GST (IGST) refunds are getting delayed by over 6 months. Last year, the CBIC had detected several cases of firms availing credit fraudulently through refund of Integrated Goods and Services Tax on exports of goods. 
RBI in its press conference announced a cut in the repo rate by 0.4 per cent, which now stands at 4 per cent. Subsequently, the reverse repo rate was reduced to 3.35 per cent. The RBI had cut repo rate by 75 basis points in March and also announced several liquidity measures amidst the COVID-19 outbreak. Besides cutting the repo rate, the RBI has also extended the moratorium period by another three months. Home loans After the repo rate cut and with the cost of funds coming down for banks, borrowers will stand to gain as the EMIs on their home loan and car loan are expected to fall.
CBDT has pruned the list of electronic payments methods wholesalers can offer, in a bid to make payment options more relevant to a business’ customer base. CBDT said in a circular that wholesalers need not offer certain electronic payment methods, such as debit cards powered by RuPay, unified payments interface (UPI) and UPI quick response code, which are generally used by retail customers.
CBDT issued the clarification on that the provisions of section 269SU of the Income Tax Act shall not be applicable to a specified person having only B2B transactions i.e. no transaction with the retail customer if at least 95% of the aggregate of all amounts received during the previous year. 

No Penal Damages in case of Late Deposit of PF Contribution or Administrative charges during Lockdown. EPFO Circular no C-I/Misc/2020 21/Vol I/1112  of 15.5.20.

Lower PF Rate of 10% to be applicable for both employer (except Central Govt) & employee for Salary of May, June & July 2020. SO 1513(E) of 18.5.20. 

Facility to receive payment  via Rupay Dr card, UPI etc Mandatory for B2B business with sales above 50cr, If cash receipts are upto 5%. Circular 12 of 20.5.20.
Relaxations for the Companies and LLPs to make good any filing related defaults, irrespective of duration of default, and make a fresh start as a fully compliant entity by 30th September, 2020. 
Supreme Court on 06.05.2020 Extension of limitation period: ordered that all periods of limitation prescribed under the Arbitration and Conciliation Act,1996 and under section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881 shall be extended with effect from 15.03.2020 till further orders to be passed by this Court in the present proceedings.

Govt will provide an additional Rs. 40,000 crore allocation for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) for FY21, allow states to borrow up to 5% of gross state domestic product (GSDP) from 3% now and privatise public sector enterprises (PSEs) in non-strategic sectors under a new policy for such units.

Force Majeure : When the parties have not provided for what would take place when an event which renders the performance of the contract impossible, then S. 56 of the Contract Act applies. The effect of the doctrine of frustration is that it discharges all the parties from future obligations. South East Asia Marine Engineering And Constructions Ltd (Seamec Ltd) vs. Oil India Ltd (Supreme Court)

CBDT clarifies that Sec 269SU (requirement of providing facilities like Debit Card/Bhim UPI by person having turnover>Rs. 50cr ) is not applicable in case where the person deals only in B2B transactions and he receives at least 95% of total receipts in non-cash modes. 

Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs has issued a Circular No. 25/2020-Customs dated May 18, 2020 regarding Electronic Sealing-Deposit in and removal of goods from Customs Bonded Warehouses. 

Relaxations for the Companies and LLPs to make good any filing related defaults, irrespective of duration of default, and make a fresh start as a fully compliant entity by 30th September, 2020.  

Delhi Govt announce the new set of detailed rules and regulation including the industrial firms in the national capital. The new rules say that the industries names starting from A to L are allowed to open or function from 7.30 am to 5.30 pm, while the industries names starting from M to Z will function from 8.30, am to 6.30 pm. 

The one year suspension for filing new cases under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) and a default holiday for loans taken to deal with COVID 19 is likely to force RBI to soften its restructuring and provisioning norms to deal with stressed assets.  

EOGM/ AGM can be held via video conferencing/ other audio visual means during Calendar Year 2020, subject to necessary conditions. MCA Circulars of 8 Apr & 5 May. 

Sebi has granted mutual funds’ (MFs’) request for allowing additional exposure to government securities (G-secs) and treasury bills (T-bills) for credit risk fund, corporate bond fund, and the banking & PSU fund. The regulator has temporarily revised the scheme categorisation norms to make the option available for MFs. 

Kotak Mahindra Bank on Monday has introduced video-KYC facility for customers opening savings account on Kotak 811 - the banks digital banking platform. The private lender is the first Indian bank to offer video based "zero-contact" onboarding service.

Labour ministry notified lower rates of provident fund contribution at 10%, thus increasing the take home salary of 4.3 crore provident fund subscribers and giving relief to 6.5 lakh establishments. The existing rate of contribution by both employee and employer is 12%. The reduction in PF rates for three months as part of the government's Rs 20 lakh crore stimulus package, will infuse Rs 6,750 crore liquidity into the system. 
Government has withdrawn its order directing companies and commercial units to pay full wages to workers even when they are not in operation during the COVID-19-induced nationwide lockdown, which began on March 25. The government's move is expected to bring relief to a large number of industries and companies which were unable to pay full wages to their employees. 

Several states have ordered reopening of markets, local transport and even salons in areas that are considered safe from coronavirus. However, schools, colleges, theatres and malls are among those that would remain closed 

Supreme Court on 06.05.2020 Extension of limitation period: ordered that all periods of limitation prescribed under the Arbitration and Conciliation Act,1996 and under section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881 shall be extended with effect from 15.03.2020 till further orders to be passed by this Court in the present proceedings. 

Finance minister said the government will amend the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) to exclude debt taken during the Covid-19 outbreak and suspend any fresh resolution filings for up to one year. 
Govt will provide an additional Rs. 40,000 crore allocation for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) for FY21, allow states to borrow up to 5% of gross state domestic product (GSDP) from 3% now and privatise public sector enterprises (PSEs) in non-strategic sectors under a new policy for such units. 

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced various reliefs in Companies Act in the Fifth and Final tranche of COVID Stimulus of Rs 20 lakh Crore. Key takeaways are:
IBC reforms: Covid-related debt to be excluded from definition of default under the IBC. No fresh insolvency for next one year. Minimum threshold to initiate insolvency raised to Rs one crore from Rs one lakh earlier.  
Decriminalising Companies Act: Violations under most of the Companies Act to be decriminalised. This will ease the burden on courts and tribunals. Seven compoundable offences under Companies Act being dropped, 5 offences to be dealt under alternative framework.    

Listing norms: Companies can now list securities directly in foreign jurisdictions     
New Public Sector Policy: Public sector enterprise policy: All sectors are open to the private sector while public sector enterprises will play an important role in defined areas. Govt will notify strategic areas and in them at least one PSE will remain, but private sector will be allowed. In other sectors, PSEs will be privatised.
Auditing Guidance on Auditor’s Reporting- Key audit consideration amid COVID 19

ICAI has issued Auditing Guidance on Auditor’s Reporting that is key audit consideration amid COVID 19. Key takeaways are:

Impact on Auditor’s Report- Guidance describes the possible impact of COVID-19 on the auditor’s report under various circumstances 
when the auditor should modify his opinion  
Going Concern Consideration  
Including an Emphasis of Matter Paragraph in the Auditor’s Report  
COVID-19 and Key Audit Matters 
KAM Related to Going Concern  
Auditor’s Responsibilities in respect of Discussion about the COVID-19 Pandemic included in the Other Information in the Entity’s Annual Report
BSE and NSE have reduced the annual listing fees for companies listed on SME platform by 25% considering the challenges faced by small and medium enterprises due to Covid 19. The revised listing fee structure will be applicable for the existing listed companies as well as for the companies proposed to be listed on the stock exchange. 

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced various reliefs in Income Tax in the Second tranche of COVID Stimulus of Rs 20 lakh Crore. Key takeaways are:
Return Filling date Extension- Due date for all income-tax return for FY 2019-20 will be extended from 31 July 2020 to 30th November 2020 and tax audit from 30th September 2020 to 31st October 2020.       

Reduction in TDS and TCS rate-   

TDS, TCS rate for non-salaried payments for period up to March 31, 2021 has been slashed by 25%, If date of deduction is 14.5.20 to 31.3.21, TDS @ 75% of normal rates to deducted on non- salary payments to residents. 

TDS has been cut on 23 items such as securities, bank accounts, securities, payments to professionals etc. Also, TCS on 12 items have been cut. This has been done so that more money is left at the disposal of the people.  

TDS on ecommerce participants which is applicable from 1st October 2020 @ 1% would be now 0.75 % till March 31st 2021.  

The benefit of latest reduction in the rates of TDS and TCS will not apply to those not furnishing PAN or Aadhaar. 

Not furnishing PAN/Aadhaar for income tax purposes. The benefit of latest reduction in the rates of TDS and TCS will not apply to those not furnishing PAN or Aadhaar. In view of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Central government has reduced rates of TDS and TCS on various transactions by 25 per cent. However, it won’t apply to those who have to pay higher tax on account of not furnishing the PAN or Aadhaar numbers.
TDS has been cut on 23 items such as securities, bank accounts, securities, payments to professionals etc. Also, TCS on 12 items have been cut. the rates at which TDS and TCS were cut on various transactions have been reduced by 25 per cent. This has been done so that more money is left at the disposal of the people. 
Vivaad se Vishwas-The date for making payment without additional amount under the “Vivad Se Vishwas” scheme will be extended to 31st Dec 2020.

GST on Directors Salary has been put to rest by a recent decision of the Authority for Advance Rulings (AAR), Karnataka bench. AAR bench has clarified that if the director is an employee of the company, there will be no incidence of GST. However, if the director is a non-executive director (that is, a nominated director), and provides his or her services to the company, then the remuneration paid is subject to GST. In such cases, the ‘reverse-charge’ mechanism will apply and it is the company (recipient of the services) who will pay the GST. 

Government has brought an ordinance to extend due dates for compliances under various tax laws. In CGST Act, new Section 168A empowers it to extend the time-limit specified or prescribed in respect of actions which cannot be completed or complied with due to force majeure. Epidemic has been included in the new definition of force majeure. Notifications have been issued relaxing due dates for filing returns, granting interest waiver, reduced interest for delayed payment and waiver of late fee. 

Economic recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic will require states to relax labour laws—as Uttar Pradesh (UP), Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and a few other states have done. The economy was not doing well even before the pandemic, and the lockdown decision and the need to enforce distancing at the workplace has meant that the risks to industrial growth have become manifold since. The unemployment rate is already near 25% and, as per data from the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), nearly 9.13 crore small traders and labourers have lost employment in April 2020. 
Ministry of Corporate Affairs has allowed all companies to conduct General Meetings (Annual and Extra-Ordinary) through video conferencing or other audio visual means (OAVM) complemented with E-Voting facility / simplified voting through registered emails, without requiring the shareholders to physically assemble at a common venue.
In the backdrop of the current extraordinary circumstances of COVID-19 pandemic prevailing in the country, the Ministry of Corporate  Affairs (MCA) has provided breather for India Inc. by permitting companies to hold Annual General Meetings (AGM) and Extra Ordinary General Meetings (EGM) through video conference (VC) or any other audio-visual means (OAVM).

CBDT issues circular excluding period of forced stay in India from 22nd March,2020 to 31st March,2020 while computing residential status in India in Financial Year 2019-20. We can expect similar circular for excluding forced stay in India later on for Financial Year 2020-21.

?Extension of due date for furnishing GSTR 9 & 9C for FY 2018-19 till 30-9-20. Notification 41/2020-CT of 5.5.20. 

CBIC said any registered person during the period from the April 21, 2020 to June 30, 2020, will be allowed to furnish the return under section 39 in Form GSTR-3B verified through electronic verification code (EVC). Currently, businesses are required to digitally sign GSTR-3B form while filing monthly return and paying taxes. 

?Delhi High Court in the case of Bharti Airtel Ltd. Vs UOI in its decision dated 05-05-2020 decided that Assessee be allowed to file rectified GSTR 3B. Para 4 of Circular 26/26/2017to the extent it requires adjustment in ITC and output in the month in which error is discovered should be read down. 

Delhi High Court: Freezing of petitioner's Bank Accounts - GST liability of the petitioner qua Delhi is about ? 11.5 crores and for PAN India’s is ? 59.24 crores approximately. - on payment of ? 5.5 crores within two days from the date of defreezing of its all accounts, no coercive action be taken against the petitioner till it continue abiding by the undertaking given today. An undertaking be filed in the course of the day.
RBI may cut the reverse repo rate further as banks continue to increasingly deploy surplus funds with it despite the same being cut twice since March 27 to nudge them to lend. Reverse repo rate, which is the interest rate that the central bank pays banks for parking surplus funds with it, has been cut twice -- from 4.90 per cent to 4 per cent on March 27 and from 4 per cent to 3.75 per cent on April 17 -- to encourage banks to deploy these surplus funds in investments and loans in productive sectors of the economy.

Today (5.5.2020) is last date to file GSTR-3B for March for those with turnover more than Rs. 5cr in previous FY without interest. Interest @ 9% pa shall be applicable from 6.5.2020.
Direct tax collection surged 36.5 per cent to Rs 34,784 crore in the first month of fiscal year 2020-21, despite a nationwide lockdown, thanks to a 63 per cent year-on-year (YoY) fall in tax refunds in April. Without accounting for refunds, the collection contracted 5.4 per cent, indicating muted economic activity as the Covid-19 pandemic and subsequent curbs paralysed most sectors. 
High Court of Allahabad gave an important judgment that Penalty is imposed on owner of vehicle, irrespective of ownership of goods  regarding detention and seizure of goods and vehicle in case of Ashwini jain v. State of U.P. [2020] 114 taxmann.com 34 (Allahabad)

To avoid too much of rush and to follow social distancing norms, the banks have devised account linked withdrawls wherein starting from 4th May 2020, account numbers ending with 0,1 are allowed to withdraw on 04th may, account numbers ending with 2,3 allowed on 05th may, account numbers ending with 4,5 allowed to withdraw on 06th may and so on. This is envisaged till 11th May 2020

GST Network Helpdesk on Sunday said it has handled over 56,000 taxpayer issues in one month since the nationwide lockdown was imposed on March 25. According to data from GSTN, over 19,552 tickets raised by taxpayers were resolved between March 25 and April 24.
Delhi Govt press release about Allowed Activities wef 04th may 2020
Investors who have bid for assets under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) are expected to reassess their offers as cash flow projections have gone awry amid the covid-19 pandemic and the ensuing nationwide lockdown, experts said.  
RBI sold a net $500 million in the overseas currency-derivatives market in March, the biggest such intervention in at least a year, to ensure that the rupee remained stable amid a coordinated capital flight to safe havens from the emerging markets.
Supreme Court:- Tax Authorities can't give their own interpretations to legislative provisions on perception of trade practices. 
There is no concept of 'constructive delivery' of goods under the Central Sales Tax Act, 1956, and inter-state movement of goods will terminate only when physical delivery is taken
MCA  has invited proposals for funding up to Rs 50 lakh for research in various topics from integration of the MCA-21 database with other databases to a corporate governance and other related topics.
Indian Banks are reportedly planning to suggest to the government that all the pending cases under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) should be suspended for at least two years in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Centre has announced an extension for two more weeks in the nationwide lockdown. However, several relaxations will be allowed as per zones.
GST collections may likely witness a slow or even negative growth rate for at least six months from March due to the impact on Covid-19 on manufacture, business and consumption. An analysis of different scenarios reveal that GST revenue for the past 30 months has been uneven, volatile, indolent and far below official targets. 
Central Government  vide Notification No.37/2020 ,dated 28th April, 2020 has appointed the 21st day of April, 2020, as the date from which  Rule 87(13) of the CGST Rules, 2017 ,which states that a registered person may, on the common portal, transfer any amount of tax, interest, penalty, fee or any other amount available in the electronic cash ledger under the Act to the electronic cash ledger for integrated tax, central tax, State tax or Union territory tax or cess in FORM GST PMT-09,& FORM GST PMT –09 shall come into force.

Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs ,  on account of recent outbreak of COVID-19 (Coronavirus) vide Instruction No. F. No. 390/Misc/3/2019-JC,dated 27th April, 2020 has issued guidelines & decided that personal hearing, in respect of any proceeding under Customs Act 1962, given by various authorities, such as Commissioner (Appeals), original adjudicating authorities and Compounding authority, may be conducted through video conferencing facility. 

RBI on Thursday permitted banks to file regulatory returns with a delay of up to 30 days from the due date as several entities face difficulties in timely submission in view of the disruptions on account of the coronavirus outbreak.  

MCA allows companies to hold first AGM before September 30. Mca allowed companies whose financial year ended in December, to hold their first AGMs within the first nine months of their current fiscal or Sept. 30)
Govt declares banking industry as a public utility service for six months till October 21. Govt has declared banking industry as a public utility service for six months till October 21 under the provisions of the Industrial Disputes Act
RBI allows banks to issue electronic cards for overdraft accounts. RBI permitted banks to issue electronic cards to persons having overdraft accounts that are only in the nature of personal loan without any specific end-use restrictions
Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has extended the lockdown by 2 Weeks with effect from 04th May, 2020 to 17th May, 2020. Detailed Guidelines with respect to Containment Zones, Red Zones, Orange Zones and Green Zones as issued by MHA. 
High Court of Orissa gave an important judgement regarding Opportunit y of being hear is must before charging a tax or penalty in case of tax or input tax credit involving fraud or misstatement or suppression in case of Serajuddin & Co. V. Union of India [2020] 114 taxmann.com 480 (ORISSA) 
MCA has issued Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Second Amendment Rules, 2020. Registration of details of Independent Directors in ID Data Bank is further deferred by two months.
Government is considering a proposal to extend the deadline for filing personal income tax returns to September 30 from July 31 because of the lockdown. The last date for paying advance tax has already been extended till June 30 from March 31.

CBIC has issued guidelines for conduct of personal hearings for appeals and adjudications in virtual mode.  The  note provides detailed guidelines including method of notice, PH, VC software to be used, noting and confirmation of hearing minutes etc.  They have issued the same for customs, soon guidelines for GST hearings shall also be issued. 
Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) has asked field offices to conduct hearings in customs, excise and service tax appeal cases via video conference with the consent of the appellant or respondent to ensure social distancing amid the COVID-19 outbreak. The CBIC issued guidelines for conducting personal hearings in virtual mode under Customs Act and said that this would also apply to those cases under Central Excise Act 1944 and Chapter V of Finance Act 1994.
High Court of Tripura gave an important judgment regarding Opportunity of being hear is must before order of demand in detention and seizure of goods and vehicle in case of Kalpana Stores v. State of Tripura [2020] 113 taxmann.com 616 (Tripura)

TDS deducted from Salary & Others in March pay by 30.4.20 (Thursday) WITHOUT Interest. Pay till 30.6.20 WITH Interest @ 0.75% pm. Ordinance of 31.3.2020. 

RBI Announces ? 50,000 crore Special Liquidity Facility for Mutual Funds (SLF-MF)   The Reserve Bank of India on Monday stepped in with a Rs 50,000 crore special liquidity facility for Mutual Funds in the wake of Franklin Templeton episode.

Under the SLF-MF, RBI will conduct repo operations of 90 days tenor at fixed repo rate.

RBI circular Crux as understood-
Compulsory audit of branches having advances above Rs 20 crore is not being mandatory in this year.
Total 90% advances seperately for funded and non funded adavance have to be mandatorily Audited (earlier it was 90% of total)
Banks who have already alloted branches may also do the necessary modifications if required.
Auditors who are not willing to conduct audit due to corona effect and refuse to audit then banks may appoint additional auditors with rbi permission.
Banks will arrange for audit preferably through electronic medium from different places in case of remote branches
Supreme Court in the case of  UOI vs. U.A.E. Exchange Centre  describes that Taxability of Liaison Offices under DTAAs: The activities carried on by the liaison office of the non-resident in India as permitted by the RBI, demonstrate that the liaison office must steer away from engaging in any primary business activity and in establishing business connection as such. It can carry on activities of preparatory or auxiliary nature only.
High Court of Gujarat gave an important judgment dated regarding detention, seizure and release of goods and conveyance on deposit  in case of Rajkumar Maheshwari V. Union of India [2020] 114 taxmann.com 400 (GUJARAT)
Authority on Advance Rulings (AAR), Karnataka has ruled that GST is applicable on residential accommodation sublet by a tenant, a ruling that experts said could open a Pandora’s box of litigations. In a case involving about 42 single rooms having been sublet by a tenant to students for periods ranging between three months to 11 months, AAR noted that the property given out for sub-renting matched that of a hotel – rooms with attached bathrooms – “which can by no imagination be termed as residential dwelling”, or a house.
GoI’s decision to block the automatic route for approving foreign direct investments (FDI) from China has surprised many, and not just Chinese investors. But the decision was probably arrived at after much deliberation, and is meant to be used as a diplomatic lever in dealing with Beijing.
Karnataka based company has moved Supreme Court challenging the Constitutional validity of two Government orders which directed employers to retain their employees and pay full wages throughout the duration of the ongoing nationwide lockdown.

Basir Ahmed Sisodiya vs. ITO (Supreme Court) S. 68 Bogus Purchases: Though the assessee failed to prove the genuineness of the purchases during the assessment proceedings, he filed affidavits and statements of the dealers in penalty proceedings. That evidence fully supports the claim of the assessee. The CIT (A) accepted the explanation of the assessee and recorded a clear finding of fact that there was no concealment of income or furnishing of any inaccurate particulars of income by the assessee. Consequently, the quantum addition will also have to be deleted. 

Central Government is considering another excise duty hike on petrol and diesel. The hike could be notified after the resumption of economic activity once the nationwide lockdown is broadly lifted. “There may be marginal hike in excise duty to offset revenue loss due to lack of demand. 

Central government is likely to clear a relief package worth Rs 20,000 crore, which will be divided in two separate funds, to help Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) restart economic activities. The Expenditure Finance Committee or EFC, headed by finance minister Nirmala Sitaraman has cleared and forwarded two proposals for govt allocating nearly Rs 20,000 crore for helping MSME. 

CBDT today issued Circular No. 9 of 2020 dated April-22-2020 whereby certain replies to 55 FAQs; answered on March-04-2020 have been modified or consequentially amended. With this, Circular No. 7 of 2020 dated March-04-2020 has been Withdrawn.
?Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) on extended the deadline to import and export goods without furnishing bonds to the Customs authorities by a fortnight till May 15, a move aimed at facilitating trade during the COVID-19 lockdown. In a circular, the CBIC said businesses will, however, have to furnish proper bond to the Customs authorities by May 30 for import and exports done through undertaking till May 15. 
AAR gave an important ruling regarding classification and taxability of Flavoured milk GST @ 12% in case of Tirumala Milk Products (P.) Ltd. [2019] 111 taxmann.com 495 (AAR-ANDHRA PRADESH)
Supreme Court has held that open spaces left for garden areas in approved building layout plans cannot be allowed for construction
CBIC has issued Circular No. 19/2020- Customs dated April 13, 2020 for electronic communication of PDF based Gatepass and OOC Copy of Bill of Entry to Custom Brokers/Importers. Board has now decided to enable electronic communication of PDF based Final eOoC (electronic Out of Charge) copy of BoE and eGatepass to the importers/Customs Brokers. This electronic communication would reduce interface between the Customs authorities and the importers/Customs Brokers.

RBI Changes on 17th April 2020:
TLTRO 2.0- 50k cr to begin with in tranches for liquidity injection. Funds availed by banks -50% in NBFCs HTM bonds/ NCds
50k cr for refinance to All India Institutions NABARD/SIDBI/NHB. NHB gets 10k cr. Discussed with them and can be increased if needed. Policy repo rates applicable. 4.4%.
LAF- Reverse repo rate reduced to 3.75% from 4%. Should encourage banks to invest outside RBI. 
WMA limits of states to increase by 60% from limit as on 1st April 2020. States expected to space requirement over the year. Available till September 30th.
Regulatory measures - consistent with Basil guidelines. Asset Classification - All accounts wherein morat given and were standard on 1st March. 0 period.
Large accounts under defaults - additional provision needed today within 210 days for stressed accounts. Period extended by 90 days.
No dividend from 31st March 2020 profits by banks. To be reviewed after 30th September.
LCR- requirements of SCBs from 100% to 80%. Restored to 90% till 1st oct and end of FY.
Loans to CF Projects- 1 year further extension can be given without calling for restructuring.
RBI will continue to deal and make announcements to respond to emerging challenges.
Inflation could recede further making more space.
CBIC has launched electronic delivery of gate passes and final bills of entry to customs brokers and importers with an aim to further simplify import clearance process by reducing human interface and help tackle the scourge of Covid-19.
Sebi’s direction to custodians is an immediate reaction to People’s Bank of China (PBOC), the country’s monetary authority, buying a little above 1% in HDFC -- India’s leading non-bank mortgage lender and traditionally considered as one of the blue-chip stocks by most institutional investors.
IRDAI has asked insurers to ensure that they have sufficient capital and liquidity to service the requirements of policyholders. “Indian insurers need to prepare strategies and action plans for business continuity to ensure enhanced protection to the policyholders,” the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India said in a circular.

?EPF has extend the deposit date for the month of March 2020,up-to 15 May-2020, Instead of 15th April-2020.

Section 2(9) of the Finance Act, 2020, provides that where tax is to be deducted from ‘Salary’ income, the deduction shall be made as per the rates specified in Part III of the First Schedule, to which the applicable surcharge shall be added. To such tax and surcharge, Section 2 (12) of the Finance Act, 2020, requires a cess of 4% to be added.
Going a step forward, the rates as per Part III refers to the normal tax rates applicable to an individual. It does not refer to the concessional tax rates provide for under the new regime (aka section 115BAC). In other words, a combined literal reading of the above provisions indicates that the employer has to deduct tax at source at the normal (old) rates only.
A counter argument could be that reading of the I-T Act should not be made so complicated. As the new tax regime is part of the Finance Act, 2020, these rates can apply for the purpose of TDS.
Thus, if an employee self declares that she or he is opting for the new concessional regime, tax should accordingly be deducted at source using the new slab rates. The employer should not be treated as an ‘assessee in default’ and penalised for short deduction of tax (merely because he has not adopted the normal tax rates).

Indian entities of many multinationals, which receive a fixed margin or a mark-up from their parents, fear they could face transfer-pricing issues due to Covid-19. This is because the MNCs are renegotiating and slashing these fixed mark-ups, which the tax authorities may see as an anomaly and question.

GST AAR gave an important ruling dated 15thOctober,2019 regarding supply under contract for ‘design, realization, integration and commissioning of 1.2m Trisonic wind tunnel is a Work Contact in case of Tata Projects Ltd. [2019] 110 taxmann.com 512 (AAR-KERALA)

MCA Clarification on passing of ordinary and special resolutions by companies under the Companies Act, 2013 and rules made thereunder on account of the threat posed by Covid-19.

MCA Filings under section 124 and section 125 of the Companies Act 2013 r/w IEPFA (Accounting, Audit, Transfer and Refund) Rules 2016 in view of emerging situation due to outbreak of COVID– 19.

MCA has clarified that companies cannot make financial contributions to any ‘Chief Minister’s Relief Fund’ or ‘State Relief Fund for COVID-19' and claim that as ‘corporate social responsibility’ (CSR) spending as per existing law. It said all corporate donations to Modi’s ‘PM CARES Fund’, which was set up to fight the COVID-19 pandemic, could be counted as CSR expenditure that most companies are mandated to make by law.

CBDT clarified that an employee making a donation to the PM-CARES fund through the employer can claim income tax deduction under Section 80G on the basis of Form 16 issued by the employer. Form 16 is a certificate issued by employers to employees detailing the tax deducted at sources (TDS). 

CBIC has issued instruction No. 03/2020- Customs dated April 09, 2020 to process all pending Customs refund and drawback claims immediately in order to provide immediate relief to the business entities, specially MSMEs, in these difficult times.

Anti-Profiteering has issued Order No. 04/2019 dated 31st January, 2019 To Dominos Pizza guilty of not passing GST benefit in case of Sh. Kiran Chimirala & Director General Anti-Profiteering (Applicant) Vs. M/s. Jubilant Food Work Ltd. (Respondent).

Anti-Profiteering has issued Order No. 13/2019 dated 01st March, 2019: No profiteering if base price of product remain same after GST rate reduction in case of Kerala State Screening Committee on Anti-profiteering (Applicant) Vs. M/s Velbon Vitrified Tiles Pvt. Ltd (Respondent).

GST revenues for April could be down by 30-40% of the annual monthly collections of around Rs 1 lakh crore in FY20. FMCG firms will ensure the dip isn’t more. Currently collections are just a fifth of normal levels.

Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has now come up with relief for all law-abiding Companies, who defaulted in any of their previous filings with Registrar of Companies (ROC). Ministry for all default adjustments of companies has introduced Companies Fresh Start Scheme, 2020 where another opportunity is being given to companies to re-initiate their pending fillings with their respective ROCs without any additional fee to be given.
The Scheme was announced in wake of the COVID-19 outbreak, where the Ministry proposed for incentivizing the corporate sector with a kind opportunity to make complete all their pending fillings good with the authorities and do a fresh start as fully compliant entities.

ITAT Dejhi in the case of Aricent Technologies Holdings Ltd vs. ACIT  Decided that where the deductor has deducted tax at source but has not deposited the tax with the Govt, the assessee cannot be made to suffer. U/s 205, the assessee/ deductee cannot be called upon to pay the tax. Credit for the tax deducted at source has to be allowed in the hands of the deductee irrespective of whether the same has been deposited by the deductor to the credit of the Central Government or not. 

CBDT issues order to mitigate hardship arising due to Compliance of TDS/TCS Provisions vide Press Release dated April 04, 2020 issued order U/s 119 of the act to mitigate hardships to taxpayers arising out of compliance of TDS/TCS .

High Court of Kerala gave an important judgment regarding filing of Form GSTR TRAN-1 electronically or manually and department has to accept it. in case of Leo Distributors V. Commissioner of State GST [2020] 114 taxmann.com 28 (Kerala)

Government has exempt Custom duty and health chess on the import of ventilators, face masks & surgical masks, PPEs and covid test kits. This was done considering the escalating demand for medical goods as India enters a crucial phase in its covid-fight.

Reserve Bank expects the value of the domestic currency to hover around Rs 75 to a dollar and Indian crude basket to about USD 35 per barrel during 2020-21. The rupee came under intensified and sustained depreciation pressures from mid-January, reflecting a generalised weakening of emerging market currencies amid flights to safety, RBI said in its Monetary Policy Report. 

GST Dept cannot detain Goods for bonafide Misclassifation: Kerala HC
In a major relief to Hindustan Coca Cola, the Kerala High Court recently quashed the notices issued by the Goods and Service Tax (GST) department and directed to release the seized goods which were detained on the ground of bonafide misclassification of goods.
Justice Amit Rawal, while presiding over the case directed the squad officer to release the seized goods on the grounds that there was a bonafide miscalculation as to whether the goods would be exigible to 12% or 28% of GST. The single-judge bench relying on the decision in J.K Synthetics Limited V. Commercial Taxes Officer held that the charging provisions must be construed strictly but not the machinery provisions which would be construed like any other statute.
The High Court observed that the process of detention of the goods cannot be resorted to when the dispute is bonafide, especially concerning the eligibility of tax and, more particularly, the rate of tax.
M/S Abbott Healthcare Pvt. Ltd. v/s Shri  B.G. Krishnan IRS & Shri B.S. Thyagarajababu B. Sc. LL.M
The placement of specified medical instruments to unrelated customers like hospitals, labs etc. for their use without any consideration, against an agreement containing minimum purchase obligation of products like reagents, calibrators, disposals etc for a specific period constitute composite supply. The principal supply is the transfer of right to use of any goods for any purpose and is liable to GST under serial no.17 (iii) - Heading 9973 of Notification No. 11/2017 Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017
Income Tax Department, on its official Twitter handle, announced that it will issue all pending income tax refunds up to Rs 5 lakh immediately to individuals and business entities. 
Refunds, customs refunds, and IT will soon be credited into your accounts as the government has decided to provide immediate tax relief to about 1 lakh businesses and 14 lakh taxpayers. With this, the ministry of finance will provide a total tax refund to the tune of Rs 18000 crore. 
Maharashtra AAR gave an important ruling dated 22 January 2020, where applicant is  a receiver of supply of services from VFS Global in case of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai [2020] 114  238 (AAR - MAHARASHTRA)

?GST: Concessional Interest for late filing of 3B & Waiver of Late Fee for GSTR-1 & 3B applies only if filed by specified dates. Notification No. 31/32/33 of 03.04.2020.

CBIC Vide press note dated 09-04-2020 decided to exempt BCD and Health cess on the import of 
Ventilators, Face masks, surgical masks, Personal protection equipment, Covid 19 test kits Inputs for the manufacture of the above items Till 30th Sep 2020. 
Sebi has relaxed its guidelines for foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) seeking a Category-I licence, a move seen giving a boost to overseas investment in stocks. Investors from countries which are not Financial Action Task Force (FATF) members can still qualify for such registrations if the countries are specified by the Indian government.
CBDT vide notification 37/2017, has exempted non-residents from quoting Aadhaar in PAN applications and Income Tax Returns. Accordingly, if you’re a non-resident for income tax purposes in India then you shall not be required to quote Aadhaar and resultantly, linking of PAN and Aadhaar shall also not be required to be done.
High Court of Kerala gave an important judgment dated 31st October 2019, regarding Opportunity of being heard must be granted before detention of goods of the applicant under transport in case of Pact Machines (P.) Ltd. V. Assistant State Tax Officer (Intelligence) [2020] 113  221 (Kerala)
Non-banking financial companies operating as microfinance institutions (NBFC-MFIs) have sought clarity from Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on whether they are eligible for the three-month moratorium on loan repayments announced by the central bank on March 27. “There is still confusion among banks on whether they should extend the moratorium to NBFCs.
Indian companies have seen a sharp decline in fund raising activities during the first quarter of 2020 as the spread of Covid-19 pandemic and sell off in global equities dragged valuations, forcing investors to cut exposure to riskier assets. Fund raising for Q1 2020 fell 78.6% compared to year-ago period and declined 72.19% on a quarter-on-quarter basis, according to data compiled by Refinitiv. 
Commissioner of customs has issued a public notice dated April 01,2020 regarding clearance of goods to SEZ- facilitation during lockdown period in view of outbreak of COVID-19.
DGFT department of Commerce, has issued a trade notice no. 60/2019-2020 dated March 31,2020 regarding extension of validity of Registration cum Membership Certificate (RCMC) beyond March 31, 2020.
Ministry of Corporate Affairs has issued Companies Fresh Start Scheme, 2020” and revised the “LLP Settlement Scheme, 2020 during the period starting from 1st April, 2020 and ending on 30th September, 2020.
Indian share markets are almost certain to get billions of dollars in foreign fund inflows, with the regulatory changes allowing for higher foreign portfolio investment limits in various companies. The only thing that remains uncertain, and depends on an X-factor, is whether it will happen with the impending revision in MSCI indices in May, or sometime later in the next revision.
RBI has allowed the foreign remittances from Non-Residents to PM-CARES Fund to fight against the COVID-19 pandemic. The RBI has directed Authorised Dealer Category – I (AD Cat – I) banks is invited to Paragraph 4 of the Master Direction – Opening and Maintenance of Rupee/Foreign currency Vostro Accounts of Non-Resident Exchange Houses dated January 01, 2016 (as amended from time to time), regarding permitted transactions under the Rupee Drawing Arrangement (RDA) channel.
Supreme Court has observed that the burden is on the person who alleges that the property is a joint property of an HUF to prove the same. Not only jointness of the family has to be proved but burden lies upon the person alleging existence of a joint family to prove that the property belongs to the joint Hindu family unless there is material on record to show that the property is the nucleus of the joint Hindu family or that it was purchased through funds coming out of this nucleus. 
?To mitigate the genuine hardships faced by taxpayers due to the Covid-19 pandemic, CBDT issues notification F.No.275/25/2020-IT(B) dt 03rd April, 2020 regarding submission of Form 15G & 15H for FY 2020-21.
Supreme Court in New Delhi Television Ltd vs. DCIT has laid down important principles of law relating to the reopening of assessments under sections 147 and 148 of the Income-tax Act.
CBIC has issued Notification No. 35/2020 – Central Tax (Rate) dated April 3, 2020 for extending due date of compliance which falls during the period from "March 20, 2020 to June 29, 2020" till June 30, 2020 and to extend the validity of e-way bills. 
Government given following relations to the tax payers in GST for the matter related to -
• Waiver of interest and late fee for filing GSTR-3B.
• Extension of validity of E-way bill generated between 20th March to 15th April'2020.
• Extension of due date of May'2020 GSTR-3B
• Waiver of late fee for GSTR-1 filing.
Government Temporarily Lifts GST Input Tax Credit Restrictions
The government has temporarily lifted restrictions imposed on businesses to avail GST credit for February to August, a move that would help businesses tide over tight economic conditions following the outbreak of the novel coronavirus. The condition to avail credit in excess of 10 percent of the invoices uploaded for February-August, according to a government notification, will have to be cumulatively adjusted in GSTR-3B returns for September.

GST ease amid Covid 19: E-way bill validity extended, 10% ITC deferred
The government extended the validity of e-way bills till April 30, that were set to expire between March 20 and April 15, giving a big relief to industry grappling with issues of supplies and goods stuck in transit amid the nationwide lockdown due to Covid 19. “Where an e-way bill has been generated and its period of validity expires during the period 20th day of March, 2020 to 15th day of April, 2020, the validity period of such e-way bill shall be deemed to have been extended till the 30th day of April, 2020,” the finance ministry said in a notification Friday.


1. Foreign Trade Policy 2015-20 extended up to 31.03.2021:- Provisions relating to export and import of goods & export incentives under different schemes, shall remain in force up to 31st March, 2021 [Earlier this date was 31.03.2020] [Notification No. 57/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

2. Recognition as Pre-shipment Inspection Agency (PSIA):- Any recognition which has extended validity up to 31st March, 2020 or original validity up to 29th June 2020 would be deemed to be valid up to 30th June 2020.[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

3.Extension of the validity of RCMC:- Any person applying for any authorization to import/ export or any benefit or concession under FTP is required to take Registration cum Membership Certificate (RCMC). In case the RCMC is expiring on or before 31st March,2020, the validity will be extended till 30th September,2020 to avail any incentive/ 

4.Merchandise Exports from Indian Scheme (MEIS):- Shipping bills where the Let Export (LEO) date falls during the period 01.02.2019 to 31.05.2019 application may be filed within a Period of 15 months instead of 12 months.[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

5.Service Exports From India Scheme (SEIS):-The last date for filing SEIS applications for FY 18-19 shall be 31.12.2020.[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

6.Validity of status certificate:-Status Certificates issued under FTP 2015-20 shall be valid for a period of 5 years from the date on which application for recognition was filed or 31.03.2021 whichever is later.[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

7.Advance Authorization Scheme:-Imports against Advance Authorization for physical exports are exempted from Integrated Tax (IGST) and Compensation Cess upto 31.03.2021 only. (earlier this date was 31.03.2020). [Notification No. 57/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

8.Extension of validity for import:- For all Advance Authorizations where the validity for import is expiring between the 01.02.2020 and 31.07.2020, the validity stands automatically extended by six months from the date of expiry. No separate amendment/endorsement is required on the authorization.The option to avail further validity extensions under this para would remain available for these authorisations as per eligibility.[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

9.Extension in export obligation period:- For all Advance Authorizations where export obligation period expiring between the 01.02.2020 and 31.07.2020, the export obligation period stands automatically extended by six months from the date of expiry. No separate application with composition fees amendment is required for this purpose.The option to avail further validity extensions under this para beyond this period would remain available for these authorisations as per eligibility. [Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

10. Extension in Application for Replenishment Authorisation:- For the Replenishment Authorisation applications where the last date of filing the application falls between 01.02.2020 and 31.07.2020, the last date stands extended by six months. [Public Notice67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

11.Duty free Import Authorization (DFIA):-All Duty free Import Authorization (Transferable & Non Transferable both DFIA) where the validity of import is expiring between 01.02.2020 and 31.07.2020 the validity stand automatically extended by further six month from the date of expiry.[Notification No. 57/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

12.Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG) Scheme:- Capital goods imported under EPCG Authorization for physical exports are exemptfrom IGST and Compensation Cess up to 31.3.2021.[Notification No. 57/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]
Import under EPCG Scheme shall be subject to an export obligation equivalent to 6 times of duties, taxes and cess saved on capital goods, to be fulfilled in 6 years reckoned from date of issue of Authorisation. However, in case the validity period for import expires during 1st February, 2020 to 31st July, 2020, the validity stands automatically extended by further 6 months from the date of such expiry.

13.Extension in validity for import:- EPCG Authorization shall be valid for import for 18 months from the date of issue of EPCG Authorization. “However, in case the validity expires between 01.02.2020 and 31.07.2020 the validity stands automatically extended by further six months from the date of expiry.[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

14.Extension in Block-wise Fulfillment of EO:-If the block-wise export obligation period expires during 01.02.2020 and 31.07.2020, such period is deemed to be automatically extended by further six months from the date of expiry.[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

15.Extension in Export obligation period availed:- If the export obligation period or extension in export obligation period is availed and it is expiring during 01.02.2020 and 31.07.2020, such period is deemed to be automatically extended by further SIX MONTH FROM THE DATE OF SUCH EXPIRY.[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

16.Rebate of State & central Levies & taxes (RoSCTL):- Last date of filing of application for Duty Credit Scrip for Shipping Bills with LEO date from 07th March,2019 to 31st December,2019 shall be 31st December,2020 (Earlier the due date was 30th June,2020).[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

17.Extension of application and time period for claiming TED /Drawback:-Application for TED refund / drawback (whichever applicable) may be filed within 12 months from the date of realisation of 100% payment against such supplies. In cases where payment is received in advance and supply is made subsequently, in such cases application can be filed within 12 months from the last date of such supplies. In all such cases where the above dates fall on or after 1st March, 2020, the date of filing of applications for refund of TED/Drawback may be deemed to be extended up to 30th September, 2020.[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

18. Export Oriented Units (EOUs), Electronics Hardware Technology Parks (EHTPs), Software Technology Parks (STPs) And Bio-Technology Parks (BTPs):-
 All such Letter of Permissions/ Letter of Intents whose original or extended validity expires on or after 1st March 2020, may be deemed to be valid up to 31st December,2020.[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]
The imports or procurement from bonded warehouse in DTA or international exhibition held in India shall be without payment of integrated tax and compensation cess and such exemptions would be available upto 31.03.2021 (Earlier the date was 31.03.2020).[Notification No. 57/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

19.Transport And Marketing Assistance (TMA) Application(s) for claim of TMA is required to be filed on quarterly basis i.e. for the shipments made in a particular quarter. Application to avail such claims for the quarter ending 31st March, 2019 and 30th June, 2019 may now be filed up to 30th September, 2020.[Public Notice 67/2015-20 dt. 31.03.2020]

20.RBI announced Extension of realization period of export proceeds: Presently value of the goods or software exports made by the exporters is required to be realized fully and repatriated to the country within a period of 9 months from the date of exports. In view of the disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the time period for realization and repatriation of export proceeds for exports made up to or on July 31, 2020, has been extended to 15 months from the date of export.

FinMin extends Motor, Health Insurance validity till April 21. FinMin amended the law and extended validity of insurance papers till April 21, 2020. If your policy has expired in this time period (March 25-April 15) then you will get continuation of coverage and continuity of benefits

Central government collected Rs 10.27 trillion as direct taxes during 2019-20, a record shortfall of Rs 1.45 trillion, or 12.2 per cent, compared with the revised estimates (RE). This may prompt the revenue department, under the finance ministry, to reset its Budget math for 2020-21. 

Government has issued an ordinance to give effect to the relaxation in several compliances including extension in last dates to June 30 for making investments in instruments such as National Savings Certificates, Public Provident Fund for claiming income tax benefits. Income tax Act, Benami Act are being sought to be amended via the ordinance - Taxation and Other LAws(Relaxation of Certain Provisions) Ordinance, 2020. The ordinance also seeks to amend the Income Tax Act to enable 100% deduction to donations made to the PM's Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations (PM CARES) Fund, set up to enable citizens to contribute to government’s containment efforts against the Covid-19 outbreak.

Sebi has rejected promoters’ requests to exempt them from extending trading restrictions that apply at the time of results. The regulator had recently allowed listed companies to file fourth-quarter and annual earnings by June 30, rather than May 31. This means the trading window will have to be closed for promoters and management from April 1 till 48 hours after declaration of quarterly results. Sebi rejected the demand, saying insiders would still have access to most of the unpublished annual financials for FY20

Some of the important features and time limits which get extended by this Ordinance are as under: - Direct Taxes & Benami:

Extension of last date of filing of original as well as revised income-tax returns for the FY 2018-19 (AY 2019-20) to 30th June, 2020.

Extension of Aadhaar-PAN linking date to 30th June, 2020.

The date for making various investment/payment for claiming deduction under Chapter-VIA-B of IT Act which includes Section 80C (LIC, PPF, NSC etc.), 80D (Mediclaim), 80G (Donations), etc. has been extended to 30th June, 2020. Hence the investment/payment can be made up to 30.06.2020 for claiming the deduction under these sections for FY 2019-20.

The date for making investment/construction/purchase for claiming roll over benefit/deduction in respect of capital gains under sections 54 to 54GB of the IT Act has also been extended to 30th June 2020. Therefore, the investment/ construction/ purchase made up to 30.06.2020 shall be eligible for claiming deduction from capital gains arising during FY 2019-20.

The date for commencement of operation for the SEZ units for claiming deduction under deduction 10AA of the IT Act has also extended to 30.06.2020 for the units which received necessary approval by 31.03.2020.

The date for passing of order or issuance of notice by the authorities under various direct taxes& Benami Law has also been extended to 30.06.2020.

It has provided that reduced rate of interest of 9% shall be charged for non-payment of Income-tax (e.g. advance tax, TDS, TCS) Equalisation Levy, Securities Transaction Tax (STT), Commodities Transaction Tax (CTT) which are due for payment from 20.03.2020 to 29.06.2020 if they are paid by 30.06.2020. Further, no penalty/ prosecution shall be initiated for these non-payments.

Under Vivad se Vishwas Scheme, the date has also been extended up to 30.06.2020. Hence, declaration and payment under the Scheme can be made up to 30.06.2020 without additional payment.

Indirect Taxes:

Last date of furnishing of the Central Excise returns due in March, April and May 2020 has been extended to 30th June,2020.
Wherever the last date for filing of appeal, refund applications etc., under the Central Excise Act, 1944 and rules made thereunder is from 20th March 2020 to 29th June 2020, the same has been extended to 30th June 2020.
Wherever the last date for filing of appeal, refund applications etc., under the Customs Act, 1962 and rules made thereunder is from 20th March 2020 to 29th June 2020, the same has been extended to30th June 2020.
Wherever the last date for filing of appeal etc., relating to Service Tax is from 20th March 2020 to 29th June 2020, the same has been extended to30th June 2020
The date for making payment to avail of the benefit under Sabka Vishwas Legal Dispute Resolution Scheme 2019 has been extended to 30th June 2020 thus giving more time to taxpayers to get their disputes resolved.
In addition to the extension of time limits under the Taxation and Benami Acts as above, an enabling section has got inserted in the CGST Act, 2017 empowering the Government to extend due dates for various compliances inter-alia including statement of outward supplies, filing refund claims, filing appeals, etc. specified, prescribed or notified under the Act, on recommendations of the GST Council.

Income Tax dept asks officers working from home to chase large taxpayers for dues. Income-Tax Department has asked field formations to contact large taxpayers over phone or email to follow up on pending collections

Punjab National Bank unveils new logo ahead of merger. PNB unveiled a new logo which bears the signage's of all the three PSU banks, from the next FY, PNB will become the second largest lender in India
MCA introduces Companies Fresh Start Scheme 2020 and Revises LLP Settlement Scheme 2020. MCA offers ‘fresh start’ to companies, LLPs to lower compliance burden

Finance Minister announces Rs 1.70 Lakh Cr relief package. FM announced Rs 1.70 Lakh Crore relief package under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana for the poor to help them fight the battle against Corona Virus

RBI cut Repo rate by 75 bps to 4.4%, CRR by 100 bps to 3%. Repo rate cut by 75 bps to 4.4%, CRR by 100 bps to 3%, banks allowed 3-month moratorium on all loans - RBI

SEBI allows top 100 companies to delay AGMs. SEBI further relaxed compliance norms for companies and said top 100 companies by market capitalisation can hold their AGMs a month later

SC invokes its plenary power to extend limitation period of appeals. SC invoked its plenary powers under Article 142 of the Constitution to extend limitation period of appeals from high courts or tribunals on account of coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic

Finance Minister sets Rs 15 Lakh income cap to tax NRIs. FM softened the contentious budget proposal to tax non-resident Indians, putting in place a threshold of Rs 15 lakh for the levy of tax on incomes emanating from India

Companies under IBC will need New GST Registration. Companies under Insolvency and Bankruptcy process must avail a fresh GST registration within 30 days of a resolution professional being appointed for them

Covid-19 related spends to be treated as CSR activity - MCA. MCA said that spending of CSR funds for Covid-19 would be treated as eligible CSR activity

Ministry of Corporate Affairs in view of COVID-19 taken following measures to reduce their compliance burden and other risks:

No additional fees shall be charged for late filing during a moratorium period from 01st April to 30th September 2020, in respect of any document, return, statement etc., required to be filed in the MCA-21 Registry, irrespective of its due date, which will not only reduce the compliance burden, including financial burden of companies/ LLPs at large, but also enable long-standing noncompliant companies/ LLPs to make a ‘fresh start'. The Circulars specifying detailed requirements in this regard are being issued separately.

Special Measures under Companies Act, 2013 (CA-2013) and Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 in view of COVID-19 outbreak

The mandatory requirement of holding meetings of the Board of the companies within the intervals provided in section 173 of the Companies Act, 2013 (CA-13) (120 days) stands extended by a period of 60 days till next two quarters i.e., till 30th September. Accordingly, as a one-time relaxation the gap between two consecutive meetings of the Board may extend to 180 days till the next two quarters, instead of 120 days as required in the CA-13.

The Companies (Auditor's Report) Order,2020 shall be made applicable from the financial year 2020-2021 instead of being applicable from the financial year 2019- 2020 notified earlier. This will significantly ease the burden on companies & their auditors for the financial year 2019-20. A separate notification has been issued for this purpose.

As per Para VII (1) of Schedule IV to the CA-13, Independent Directors (lDs) are required to hold at least one meeting without the attendance of Non-independent directors and members of management. For the financial year 2019-20, if the lDs of a company have not been able to hold such a meeting, the same shall not be viewed as a violation. The lDs, however, may share their views amongst themselves through telephone or e-mail or any other mode of communication, if they deem it to be necessary.

Requirement under section 73(2)(c) of CA-13 to create the deposit repayment reserve of 20% of deposits maturing during the financial year 2020-21 before 30th April 2020 shall be allowed to be complied with till 30th June 2020.

Requirement under rule 18 of the Companies (Share Capital & Debentures) Rules, 2014 to invest or deposit at least 15% of amount of debentures maturing in specified methods of investments or deposits before 30th April 2020, may be complied with till 30th June 2020.

Newly incorporated companies are required to file a declaration for Commencement of Business within '180 days of incorporation under section 10A of the CA-13. An additional period of 180 more days is allowed for this compliance.

Non-compliance of minimum residency in India for a period of at least 182 days by at least one director of every company, under Section 149 of the CA-1 3 shall not be treated as a non-compliance for the financial year 2019-20.

Companies Affirmation of Readiness towards COVID-19 Form MCA has issued Companies Affirmation of Readiness towards COVID-19 Form which is a simple web form with minimum fields and which can be filed from anywhere. There
is no requirement of DSC and does not involve payment of any fee. Companies/LLPs have been advised to use the service w.e.f 23rd March 2020 onwards at the earliest convenience. Stakeholders have been requested to please note that there is no fee applicable for FORM CAR (Companies Affirmation of Readiness Towards COVID-19). Please note that the form has been deployed as a purely confidence building measure to assess the readiness of the companies to deal with COVID-19 Threat in India. As such no penalty or enforcement related action is applicable. Stakeholders may at their convenience file this form. It is purely voluntary as part of our contribution towards joining the movement to fight against the spread of the disease. Since the portal may experience heavy load, it would indicate 'Busy' alert whenever peak traffic is reached

Board meetings under the Companies Act, 2013: Considering the need to take precautionary steps to overcome the outbreak of the
coronavirus (Covid-19), the Government has in-principle decided to relax the requirement of holding Board meetings with physical presence of directors under section 173 (2) r/w rule 4 of the Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Rules, 2014 for approval of the annual financial statements, Board’s report, etc. Such meetings may till 30th June, 2020 be held through video conferencing or other audio visual means by duly ensuring compliance of rule 3 of the said rules.

Sensitization of Nidhi companies Sensitization of Nidhi companies towards compliance of provisions of section 406 of Companies Act, 2013 and Nidhi Rules, 2014 as amended vide Nidhi (Amendment) Rules, 2019 w.e.f 15.08.2019 and general public to invest in genuine and compliant Nidhis only(40 KB)

Non Availability of MCA21 Voice and Ticketing Helpdesk services: Please be informed that in view of present total lockdown imposed on transport and people movement by the Government, availability of MCA21 Voice and Ticketing Helpdesk services have been severely impacted. The same would not be available till
further notice. Stakeholders may kindly note and cooperate.

View Public Document (VPD) requests disabled till 31st March, View Public Document (VPD) requests would be disabled till 31st March 2020. Stakeholders are requested to plan accordingly.

Clarification on spending of CSR funds for COVID-19.(40 KB) Spending of CSR funds for COVID- 19 is eligible CSR Activity. Funds may be spent for various activities related to COVID- 19 related to health care including preventive health care and sanitation, and, disaster management
Coronavirus Impact: Electronic And QR Code-Based GST Invoicing Deferred
India deferred rollout of e-invoicing and quick response or QR Code as the coronavirus outbreak has disrupted businesses.
The QR code-based invoicing and electronic invoicing will now be rolled out from October against April earlier, according to a notification by the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs. This comes after the government waived penalties and relaxed certain GST deadlines for small firms earlier this month.
Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) has issued clarifications under GST law for companies under the IBC in connection with the notification issued on Saturday.
Central Government through gazette notification dated March 24, 2020 specified one crore rupees as the minimum amount of default for initiation of proceedings under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (‘the Code’). This represents a hundred-fold increase from the current level of one lakh rupees.  
RBI GIVES BOOSTER DOSE TO THE ECONOMY Repo rate reduced by 75 basis point, CRR ration reduced by 1 % and Intt on working capital loan deferred by 3 months. 

RBI Moratorium of 3 months for term loan RBI inject liquidity of more than 5 lac crore in the system.

Finance Minister has declared extension in the last date for filing of Income Tax Return (ITR) for the financial year (FY) 2018-19 to June 30, 2020 from March 31, 2020 for those assessees who have not filed their returns yet.
2. Financial Minister has announced extension of cutoff dates related to income tax, GST and other compliances till June 30, 2020. However, the extension beyond the financial year (FY) 2019-20 end date of March 31, 2020 has created some doubts.
3. CBIC has issued Notification No. 16/2020 – Customs dated 24th March 2020 in which CBIC has amend the notification No. 52/2003-Customs dated 31st March,2003. CBIC extended exemption from IGST and compensatio cess to EOUs on imports till 31.03.2021.
Sebi is considering a proposal to cut down trading hours for commodities derivatives from 11.30 PM to 5 PM till the time lockdow over coronavirus is in place. This follows the submission by brokers to the regulator requesting such measures following lockdown. Many brokers finding it difficult to call even bare minimum staff required in office. Equity derivatives are functioning till 3.30 for derivatives and cash market.
Hon'ble Allahabad High Court in a recent matter of M/s Jindal Pipes Ltd. v. State of Uttar Pradesh reported in 2020 (34) G.S.T.L. 48 (All.); Writ Tax no. 1366 of 2019 decided on 20 January 2020, held that service of order by proper office on driver of vehicle is not a valid service as not served on the person who would have been aggrieved by the order. 
In this matter, Goods were being transported from Ghaziabad to Ghazipur on 20 August 2018 where upon interception of consignment at Kanpur, it was discovered that the distance in E-way bill, generated by Consignor, has been stated as 90 kms which was in fact 980 kms. Goods were seized under Section 129 of UPGST Act, 2017 which were subsequently released upon payment of tax and penalty by the Consignor. Accordingly, an order was passed on 21 August 2019 against which petitioner filed an appeal on 06 March 2019. However, the appeal was dismissed on the sole ground, being appeal filed beyond the period of limitation.
Counsel of the petitioner while placing reliance on the judgment of same Court in the matter of S/S. Patel Hardware v. Commr. of State reported in 2019 (21) GSTN 145 pleaded that the impugned order was served on the driver of the vehicle, who was the driver of transport agency, and therefore, it was neither served on consignor nor on the consignee. It was pleaded that driver was not the 'person aggrieved' to whom the order has been communicated and thus, appeal was filed within the limitation prescribed. Hon'ble High Court held that order served on driver is not a valid service and accordingly, appeal was allowed as filed within time limitation.
Ministry of Finance vide Press Release dated March 24, 2020 has given relief in Regulatory and Statutory Compliance due to COVID-19. Key takeaways are:
Income Tax :
1. Extend last date for income tax returns for (FY 18-19) from 31st March, 2020 to 30th June, 2020;
2. Aadhaar-PAN linking date to be extended from 31st March, 2020 to 30th June, 2020; 
3. Vivad se Vishwas scheme – no additional 10% amount, if payment made by June 30, 2020; 
4. Due dates for  issue  of notice, intimation, notification, approval order, sanction order, filing of appeal, furnishing of return, statements, applications, reports, any other documents and time limit for completion of proceedings by the authority and any compliance by the taxpayer including investment in saving instruments or investments for roll over benefit of capital gains  under Income Tax Act,  Wealth Tax Act, Prohibition of Benami Property Transaction Act, Black Money Act,  STT law, CTT Law, Equalization Levy law, Vivad Se Vishwas  law  where the time limit is expiring between 20th March 2020  to 29th June 2020 shall be extended to 30th June 2020. 
5. For delayed payments of advanced tax, self-assessment tax, regular tax, TDS, TCS, equalization levy,  STT, CTT  made between 20th March 2020  and 30th June 2020,  reduced interest rate  at 9% instead of 12 %/18 % per annum ( i.e. 0.75% per month instead of 1/1.5 percent per month) will be charged  for this period.  No late fee/penalty shall be charged for delay relating to this period. 
1. Last date for filing GSTR-3B in March, April and May 2020 will be extended till the last week of 30th June, 2020 for those having aggregate annual turnover less than Rs. 5 Crore. No interest, late fee, and penalty to be charged; 
2. For any delayed payment made between 20th March 2020 and  30th June 2020  reduced rate of interest @9 % per annum   ( current interest rate is  18 % per annum)  will  be charged. No late fee and penalty to be charged, if complied before till 30th June 2020.  
3. Date for opting for composition scheme is extended till the last week of   June, 2020.  Further, the  last date for making payments for the quarter ending 31st March, 2020 and filing of  return for 2019-20 by the composition dealers  will be extended  till the last week of June, 2020. 
4. Date for filing GST annual returns of FY 18-19, which is due on 31st March, 2020 is extended till the last week of  June 2020;
5. Due date for issue of notice, notification, approval order, sanction order, filing of appeal, furnishing of return, statements, applications, reports, any other documents, time limit for any compliance under the GST laws where the time limit is expiring between 20th March 2020  to 29th June 2020 shall be extended to 30th June 2020; 
6. Payment date under Sabka Vishwas Scheme shall be extended to 30th June, 2020. No interest for this period shall be charged if paid by 30th June, 2020;
24X7 Custom clearance till end of 30th June, 2020;
Due date for issue of notice, notification, approval order, sanction order, filing of appeal, furnishing applications, reports, any other documents etc., time limit for any compliance under the Customs Act and other allied Laws where the time limit is expiring between 20th March 2020  to 29th June 2020 shall be extended to 30th June 2020.
1. No additional fees shall be charged for late filing during a moratorium period from 01st April to 30th September 2020, in respect of any document, return, statement etc., required to be filed in the MCA-21 Registry, irrespective of its due date, which will not only reduce the compliance burden, including financial burden of companies/ LLPs at large, but also enable long-standing non compliant companies/ LLPs to make a ‘fresh start’; 
• The mandatory requirement of holding meetings of the Board of the companies within prescribed interval provided in the Companies Act (120 days), 2013, shall be extended by a period of 60 days till next two quarters i.e., till 30th September; 
• Applicability of Companies (Auditor’s Report) Order, 2020 shall be made applicable from the financial year 2020-2021 instead of from 2019-2020 notified earlier. This will significantly ease the burden on companies & their auditors for the year 2019-20. 
• As per Schedule 4 to the Companies Act, 2013, Independent Directors are required to hold at least one meeting without the attendance of             Non-independent directors and members of management. For the year 2019-20, if the IDs of a company have not been able to hold even one    meeting, the same shall not be viewed as a violation. 
• Requirement to create a Deposit reserve of 20% of deposits maturing during the financial year 2020-21 before 30th April 2020 shall be allowed to be complied with till 30th June 2020. 
• Requirement to invest 15% of debentures maturing during a particular year in specified instruments before 30th April 2020, may be done so before 30th June 2020. 
• Newly incorporated companies are required to file a declaration for Commencement of Business within 6 months of incorporation. An additional time of 6 more months shall be allowed. 
• Non-compliance of minimum residency in India for a period of at least 182 days by at least one director of every company, under Section 149 of the Companies Act, shall not be treated as a violation. 
• Due to the emerging financial distress faced by most companies on account of the large-scale economic distress caused by COVID 19, it has been decided to raise the threshold of default under section 4 of the IBC 2016 to Rs 1 crore (from the existing threshold of Rs 1 lakh). This will by and large prevent triggering of insolvency proceedings against MSMEs. If the current situation continues beyond 30th of April 2020, we may consider suspending section 7, 9 and 10 of the IBC 2016 for a period of 6 months so as to stop companies at large from being forced into insolvency proceedings in such force majeure causes of default.
Phytotherapy’ is not exempted under GST, Need to be registered: AAR
The Authority of Advance Ruling (AAR) West Bengal ruled that the ‘phytotherapy’ is not exempted under Goods and Service Tax (GST) and so it needs to be registered. On an application filed by the applicant namely OPTM Health Care Private Limited, the Authority of Advance Ruling (AAR) observed that all the health care services are exempted from paying Goods and Service Tax (GST) and so it is not needed to get registered under Goods and Service Tax (GST). However, the word ‘phytotherapy’ is not included in ‘health care services’.

In view of coronavirus outbreak, Bihar government withdraws orders to attach tax defaulters’ bank accounts
Deputy CM Sushil Kumar Modi on Monday said the earlier orders issued to attach the bank accounts of tax defaulters for not clearing dues worth Rs375 crore before GST’s enforcement have been withdrawn. The pending dues pertained to the period before the uniform goods and services tax (GST) regime had come into force in the country Modi said.
He said this and a few other measures have been taken by the government specially in view of the impact of coronavirus.

In order to generate greater awareness and confidence in our state of readiness, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs is in the process of developing and deploying a simple web form for companies/ LLPs to confirm their readiness to deal with the COVID-19 threat. The Web Form named CAR (Company Affirmation of Readiness towards COVID-19) should be filed by an authorized signatory of Companies & LLPs. CAR-2020 shall be deployed on the 23rd of March, 2020. All companies/LLPs are requested to report compliance using the above-mentioned web service on the 23rd instant.

13 CARO reporting to be done by auditor has been amended. Important changes are as follows:
Reporting on revaluation of Property, Plant and Equipments by company
Reporting of proceedings under the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988.
Reporting if the stock statements filed with banks are in line with books of accounts, if company was sanctioned working capital limits in excess of five crore rupees or more from banks or financial institutions.
Reporting of investments in or  providing of any guarantee or security or granting any loans or advances.
Loans overdue for more than 90 days, evergreening of loans, reporting on any loan default, etc.
Reporting of compliances with RBI directives and the provisions the Companies Act with respect to deemed deposits.
Reporting with respect to transactions not recorded in the books of account but now surrendered or disclosed as income in the income tax proceedings.
Reporting on treatment by auditor of whistle-blower complaints received during the year by the company
Reporting on internal audit system
Reporting on cash losses
Reporting on resignation of the statutory auditors
Reporting on uncertainty of company capable of meeting its liabilities.
Reporting transfer of unspent CSR amount to Fund specified in Schedule VII.

SEBI relaxes time limit for filling FY 19-20 financials, listed companies can file upto 30 June 2020

ITAT Delhi in the case of Arihant Technology Pvt. Ltd. Vs Pr. CIT states that  Section 263 Jurisdiction cannot be assumed by Pr. CIT for making roving enquiries. 

GST: Foreign airlines exempt from filing GSTR-9C. CA certified Statement of Receipts & Payments to be filed by 30 Sept of next Financial Year for each GSTIN.

MCA: Notice regarding Board meetings under the Companies Act, 2013 http://www.mca.gov.in/Ministry/pdf/Meeting_18032020.pdf

Government introduced the Companies (Amendment) Bill 2020 in the Lok Sabha. Introducing the Bill, Minister of State for Finance said that the proposed Bill will help in doing ethical and honest business in the country.  

Vivad se Vishwas Scheme 2020 notified. A golden opportunity to settle Income tax related disputes. Avail this by 31st March, 2020 to avoid higher payment at a later date. 

The government garnered Rs 16.89 lakh crore of tax revenue (net of refunds) in the first 11 months of the fiscal, compared with Rs 16.87 lakh crore in the same period last year. Due to corporate tax cut announced in September last year, the total direct tax collection for the April-February period came in 3.5% lower at Rs 8.14 lakh crore. However, indirect tax collection, which includes GST, saw a growth of 3.8% at Rs 8.75 lakh crore.

Union Minister of Finance informed that due date for filing the annual return and the reconciliation statement for the financial year 2018-19 to be extended till 30th June 2020.

Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has conducted an inspection on a bitcoin company through Registrar of Companies and prosecutions have been filed for violations under various provisions of the Companies Act. 

MCA has tightened compliance norms for Nidhi companies, a kind of NBFCs, which are created to borrow and lend money among its members. The move comes in the backdrop of the government revising corporate norms to ensure that investors are not duped through fraudulent activities.

GST Council has decided to hike the levy on mobile handsets and hand-made matches, while lowering it on Aircraft Maintenance, Repair & Overhaul (MRO) services. Total collection from GST Compensation Cess stood at over Rs. 78,000 crore, while the total compensation payout is more than Rs. 1.20 lakh crore during the current fiscal year.

GST Council meeting Update : GST RATES from 1st April 2020) on mobile increased from 12% to 18%. on all types of matches will be 12% from earlier 5% for handmade matches and 18% on other matches. on Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) services in respect of aircraft is reduced from 18% to 5%.

GST RETURNS: GSTR-9 and GSTR-9C due date for FY 2018-19 extended from 31st March 2020 to 30th June 2020. Persons with turnover of up to Rs. 5 crore will has option to file GSTR-9C for 2018-19.

GST: Late fees will not be levied for late filing of GSTR-9 and GSTR-9C for 2017-18 and 2018-19 for persons with turnover up to Rs. 2 crore.

GST: New return system and E-Invoice deferred from 1st April 2020 to 1st October 2020. GSTR-1, and GSTR-3B to continue till September 2020

GST: Interest on delayed payment will be on net cash tax liability. This will be applicable retrospectively from 1st July 2017. Where registrations has been cancelled up to 14th March 2020, application for revocation can be filed up to 30th June 2020.

A new facility called “Know your supplier” to be introduced. A person can have basic information about the supplier with whom they conduct business or propose to conduct business.
Standing Committee on Finance recommended in its report on demand for grants that Exemptions and deductions in personal income tax, “should be continually revisited, rationalised and eventually scrapped in tandem with moderation of tax rates. 

?MCA: Companies/ OPCs to get PF & ESI registration no. on www.mca.gov.in through Spice+ & AGILE-PRO eforms at time of incorporation even if no. below threshold then.

MCA: Last date of filling e-forms AOC-4, AOC-4(CFS), AOC-4XBRL & MGT-7 is extended till 30.06.20 for Companies  having jurisdiction in UT of J&K & Ladakh. MCA circular No. O9/2O2O.

 IBC: Parliament passed amendments to the insolvency law that will help ring-fence successful bidders of insolvent companies from risk of criminal proceedings for offences committed by previous promoters.

In a case regarding the Dishonor of Cheque against a private limited company, the Delhi High Court held that the Non-executive Directors of the company cannot be held liable for the dishonor of cheque without specific allegations against them.

Yes Bank has enabled inward IMPS/NEFT services. This means people can now use other bank accounts to send payments to Yes Bank accounts through IMPS/NEFT.
The private lender has informed via its official Twitter account that people can now make payments towards Yes Bank credit card dues and loan obligations.
Yes Bank presently has a withdrawal cap of Rs 50,000. However, the withdrawal cap on Yes Bank's depositors is likely to be withdrawn as early as March 15, Prashant Kumar - the administrator appointed by Reserve Bank of India
He has also confirmed that there is no question of a merger with State Bank of India (SBI) which is leading the rescue of the troubled lender

State Bank of India (SBI) will submit its rescue plan for Yes Bank within a week to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) that will likely entail a maximum investment of Rs 6,000 crore for a 26% stake. The plan may involve a similar amount to be invested by a group of global investors, said people aware of the matter. The RBI is also firming up plans to provide liquidity support of at least Rs 8,000-10,000 crore to stem any flight of deposits once the moratorium on Yes Bank is lifted.
“RBI governor Shaktikanta Das and SBI chairman Rajnish Kumar met on Monday to firm up the plans on Yes Bank’s reconstruction scheme. Liquidity support from the RBI for Yes Bank is also on the anvil,” said one of persons. “The RBI liquidity line could be against a pledge of securities of a similar value. The details are being worked out.”

Income tax: Any person opting for the presumptive taxation u/s 44AD is liable to pay whole amount of advance tax on or before 15th March of the previous year otherwise interest u/s 234C shall be levied. MAT Credit, Brought forward losses and Relief u/s 89 can be adjusted for the purpose of Advance Tax Calculation.

Income Tax: 15.03.2020 is the due date to pay Advance Tax (4th Installment) for FY 2019-20.

RBI Deputy Governor N S Vishwanathan has decided to step down by March 31 due to ill health, three months before the end of his extended one-year tenure.

GST: e-invoice Mandatory wef 1.4.2020 for Turnover above 100 cr. Invoice dt Apr 2  can be uploaded as e-invoice on Apr 2 or 3, not before or after that.

MCA: The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has approved the Companies (Second Amendment) Bill, 2019 to amend the Companies Act, 2013. The Bill would remove criminality under the Act in case of defaults which can be determined objectively and which, otherwise, lack the element of fraud or do not involve larger public interest.

MCA: Extension of last date of filing of Form NFRA  

Under LLP Settlement Scheme 2020, pay between 16-3-20 & 13-6-20, Rs 10 per day (Maximum 5000 per doc) for delay in filing of Form 3,4,8,11 due upto 31.10.19.

Sebi is seeking to establish a real-time surveillance mechanism, harnessing artificial intelligence to build a platform that will capture and analyse data and flag suspicious transactions during trading hours. This development assumes significance as it will allow Sebi to intervene even in the mid-market hours.

Income Tax: You may face double trouble if you fail to link your Aadhaar with PAN by the end of this month. First, your PAN will become inoperative and second, you may be fined Rs 10,000 if you use an inoperative PAN. The income tax department has said that PAN card holders may face penal action under the Income Tax Act if they fail to link it with Aadhaar before the deadline.

Supreme Court set aside an RBI circular that imposed a blanket ban on banks and financial institutions from providing services to any individual or business dealing in digital currencies. As the SC had earlier refused to stay the circular issued in April 2018, the banks and bourses dealing with cryptocurrencies, including bitcoins, had closed down operations since July 6, 2018. 

?Supreme Court dismissed SLP filed by GST department against Punjab & Haryana High Court order which allowed assessee to file Tran-1. Union of India v. Adfert Technologies (P.) Ltd. - [2020] 115 taxmann.com 29 (SC)

Gst Trans 1 filing update 
The Calcutta High Court has held that the inability to upload Form GST TRAN-1 due to technical errors is a mere procedure and not mandatory.
There were several petitions clubbed together because it was of the same nature. The Calcutta High Court observed that the procedural law must not take away the vested rights of the individuals in which they are empowered by the statutes. At the same time, these vested rights are subjected to scrutiny by the appropriate authority.
The petitioners knocked on the doors of the court with the prayer that they must be allowed to file or upload their Form GST TRAN-1. Though the time limit is extended March 31, 2020, however, this benefit can be availed by only the registered person who was unable to upload the Form GST TRAN-1because of the technical difficulties as per Rule 117(1A) of the CGST Rules.
In this case, the petitioners were denied the benefit of the extended time-limit i.e. March 31, 2020.
The issue raised in this case was whether the petitioners are eligible to avail the benefit pertaining to the extension of time-limit i.e. March 31, 2020, or not.

Income tax returns filing data 
As many as 6.35 crore income tax returns have been filed electronically till mid February this fiscal, up from 6.28 crore in 2018-19, Parliament was informed on Monday. In a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha, Minister of State for Finance Anurag Singh Thakur said the number of assessees filing Income Tax Returns (ITRs) has consistently increased during the last three years as well as in the current year.
He said 5.18 crore ITRs were e-filed in Assessment Year 2016-17, 5.32 crore in 2017-18, 6.28 crore in 2018-19 and 6.35 crore in 2019-20 (up to February 15, 2020).

The ITRs of AY 2019-20 can be submitted up to March 31, 2020, and hence this number is expected to go up further.

The income tax department has also identified 15.58 lakh non-filers of ITRs with potential tax liability for Assessment Year 2018-19, 38.81 lakh for 2017-18 and 32 lakh for 2016-17 through the non-Filers Monitoring System (NMS).

The NMS assimilates and analyses in-house information as well as transactional data received from third-parties, including Statements of Financial Transaction, Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) and Tax Collection at Source statements, Intelligence and Criminal Investigation data etc. to identify such persons/entities who have undertaken high value financial transactions but have not filed their returns.

CBDT has decided to honour the best income tax department investigator, revenue collector and innovator among others working in the recently launched e-assessment scheme. As per an order issued on February 20 by the policy-making body of the department, there will be five categories of honours on a monthly and yearly basis and the winning tax personnel will be honoured on 'Income Tax Day' celebrated in July every year. 

Salaried people can choose either of the two income tax regimes at the time of filing their returns irrespective of the choice they have given to the employer at the beginning of the financial year. The budget for the next fiscal has proposed to add a new tax regime to the existing one. 

A 28% Goods and Services Tax (GST) will be levied on lotteries from March 1, according to a notification. Last year in December, the GST Council had decided to impose a single rate of 28 per cent on state-run and authorised lotteries. 

Vodafone Idea (VIL) will not be able to cash out of the Bharti Infratel-Indus Towers merged entity early enough to generate money to help pay off a bigger part of its huge adjusted gross revenue (AGR) dues by March 17, the deadline set by the Supreme Court. This was stated by industry executives and analysts.

Ministry of Finance has notified the Banning of Unregulated Deposit Scheme Rules, 2020 which shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette i.e. 12-02-2020. The Rules include Information and particulars to be considered Competent Authority for provisionally attaching the property of the deposit taker etc.

CBDT has notified Rule 114AAA u/s 139A(2)  for notifying date to make PAN inoperative if the same is not linked to Aadhar of the PAN holder up to 31.3.2020, except those who are not eligible to obtain Aadhar number and those who are exempted to link u/s 139AA(3).

High Court Allows Filling of Tran-1 despite absence of any evidence of technical glitches.
Samrajyaa and Company Vs DCCE (Madras High Court).

Reserve Bank of India Governor Shaktikanta Das has said the central bank has already initiated discussions with some institutions and efforts are on for inclusion of government bonds in global indices as quickly as possible.

DHFL draft forensic report by KPMG had found the lender had disbursed loans and advances to inter-connected entities, which were likely linked to the promoters.

Supreme Court In the matter of PNB- Nirav Modi scam, the has granted relief to Usha Ananthasubramaniam, former MD and CEO of Punjab National Bank, by setting aside the order passed by NCLT by which her assets were frozen.

CBDT has released a notification called the Income-tax (4th Amendment) Rules, 2020 which shall come into effect on April 1, 2020. The CBDT has introduced Forms 10-IC and Form 10-ID to opt for reduced tax rates as declared under Section 115BAA and Section 115BAB respectively for domestic companies.

Indirect tax department wants the software companies to value the global brand names and logos used in India, charge a fee on that and pay 18% goods and services tax (GST) on top of it, Industry trackers said currently there is no valuation mechanism for global technology companies in India. 

Foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) seem to like the Indian market compared to other emerging markets, going by the relatively high inflows for the second consecutive month. The impact of coronavirus on other emerging markets and buying in the primary markets are the main reasons for FPI inflows. 

MCA: The acquirer making an application should deposit at least 50 percent of the total consideration to be payable pursuant to takeover offer at the time of making an application to the NCLT.

MCA has notified the Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Amendment Rules, 2020 which shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette i.e 19-02-2020. 

Madras High Court in a recent order has opined that the faceless tax-assessment system “can lead to erroneous assessment, if officers are not able to understand the transactions and statement of accounts of an assessee without a personal hearing”. The court, however, said electronic-assessment — introduced to curb cases of corruption and harassment of tax payers by officials— was a laudable initiative.

Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC) has instructed its officers to initiate measures to recover interest payable for delayed filing of monthly returns (GSTR-3B). As per FE (February 13), the instruction from Member of the Board puts the figure at over Rs 46,000 crore.

Bombay High Court has held that an application made for withdrawal of an amount deposited with the court does not amount to a suit/proceeding/execution within Section 14 of IBC, and therefore, the party that deposited the amount cannot oppose such an application merely because it is undergoing moratorium.

MCA has allowed the Filing of forms in the registry of MCA-21 by the Insolvency Professional (IP), Interim Resolution Professional (IRP) or Resolution Professional (RP) or Liquidator as appointed under Insolvency Bankruptcy Code, 2016.

SEBI has notified the new norms & Guidelines governing Portfolio Managers and their services. The SEBI has mandated that portfolio managers cannot charge an upfront fee, either directly or indirectly, from clients and the only brokerage at actuals should be charged to clients as an expense. 

income tax (I-T) department has notified forms for companies to avail the reduced corporate tax rates that were announced in September last year. CBDT has notified Forms 10-IC and 10-ID for existing companies that want to avail lower I-T rate and new manufacturing firms, respectively. 

CBDT To maximise revenue mobilisation via the direct tax ‘Vivad Se Vishwas’ scheme has made tax officers’ performance under the scheme a vital criterion for their annual appraisals for 2019-20 and future postings. “Details of the number of disputed cases, amount involved in disputed cases as well the number of cases resolved and the amount collected under the scheme may be reported in the self-appraisal. 

GST Network CEO said e-invoicing and the new format for filing GST will help improve the ease of doing business and reporting for the indirect taxes. “E-invoicing is a step towards improving ease of doing business and reporting for GST. Manual data entry leads to transcription errors and wrong entries. 

Supreme Court has observed that an arbitration clause in an agreement which is required to be duly stamped, was not sufficiently stamped, cannot be acted upon by the Court.
CBDT and SEBI would enter into a Memorandum of Understanding, which inter-alia would include modalities of / exchange of data, maintenance of confidentiality, a mechanism for safe preservation of data, weeding out after usage, etc. about the Assessees.
Supreme Court has stayed the Rajasthan High Court order that extended the deadline for filing of Form GSTR-9 (annual return) and Form GSTR-9C (reconciliation statement) without fine by up to a week to February 12, 2020 on a plea by the Centre that the move could undermine its efforts to boost GST compliance.
RBI issued a draft framework for authorization of a pan-India new umbrella entity (NUE) for retail payment systems. At present, only the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), a not-for-profit company, performs this role. The NUE could choose to be a for-profit entity or a not-for-profit as defined under Section 8 of the Companies Act. 
RBI has come up with some changes in operational guidelines for the captioned scheme contained in circular on 'Interest Subvention Scheme for MSMEs'. Under the changes, it has been allowed to submit statutory auditor certificate by June 30, 2020 and in the meantime, to settle claims based on internal/concurrent auditor certificate. 
GST: Centre will soon release another Rs 35,000 crore to states to compensate for the revenue loss on account of GST rollout. Under the GST law, states are guaranteed compensation for revenue loss for 5 years if their revenue does not increase 14 per cent on the base year of 2015-16.
GSTN has set up a consultation committee to provide feedback on new functionalities in the GST system. Suggestions will be related to policy and technology. The committee, which will include representatives from selected states recommended by the GST Council, member secretary of GSTN, representatives from the CBIC and independent experts, will provide suggestions related to policy and technology. 
MCA has notified the Companies (lncorporation) Amendment Rules, 2020 which shall come into force with effect from the 15th February, 2020. The amendment in Rule 9 prescribes new procedure for reservation or change of name of the company. 
SEBI has issued the SEBI (Issuing Observations on Draft Offer Documents Pending Regulatory Actions) Order, 2020 which shall come into force with immediate effect i.e 05-02-2020. 
IBC: Supreme Court has directed Dewan Housing Finance Limited (DHFL) fixed depositors to approach the troubled financial service porvider's Committee of Creditors and its Administrator appointed under the Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code, 2016 for release of deposits. 

Reserve Bank of India governor Shaktikanta Das on Saturday hinted that the central board of RBI may soon decide on aligning its accounting year with the fiscal year of the government.
As of now, the RBI’s accounting year runs from July to June while the government follows the April-March fiscal year.

The government has set the Income Tax Department a target to collect ?2 trillion under the ‘Vivad se Vishwas’ direct tax dispute resolution by end of March although the scheme will run till the end of June 2020. 
The scheme announced in the union budget for FY21, for which the Bill is pending in Parliament, allows beneficiaries to pay disputed tax arrears without interest and penalty if paid before 31 March. In case the tax dispute is over penalty, interest or fee, the settlement amount payable is 25% of the dues if paid before the end of March. There will be a marginal increase in dues to be paid if the tax payer signs up for the scheme after March but before end of June.

Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC) in its official Twitter account gave clarification about the interest calculation on delayed payment of net Tax liability. The tweet says “There are some discussions in social media w.r.t. interest calculation on delayed GST payments post a few media reports regarding Rs. 46000 Cr interest on the delayed GST payments to be collected by tax authorities.”
“On this issue of interest calculation, it is clarified that – The GST laws, as of now, permit interest calculation on delayed GST payment on the basis of gross tax liability. This position has been upheld in the Telangana High Court’s decision dated 18.04.2019 (Document 159736439).“
Such amendment will be made prospectively. The States of Telangana and West Bengal are in the process of amending their State GST Acts. After the process of amendment is complete, the changed provisions can be put in operation for the entire country.”

The government has discovered a new revenue stream to make up for the shortfall in GST collection and is looking to collect ?46,000 crore as interest on late payment of tax.
Tax experts disputed the number saying government had promised to hand-hold the taxpayers at the time of migration to the new indirect tax regime by waiving off interest and penalties for filing their tax returns. Further, it has now resorted to extremely harsh measures to boost its tax kitty.
Moreover, the levying of interest would trigger huge litigations with taxpayers challenging the demand.

The Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs has issued notices to some private equity firms, investors, and others who entered into non-compete agreements with sellers.
The indirect tax (I-T) department demands that these firms and investors pay goods and services tax (GST) at 18 percent on the non-compete fee. According to the I-T department, a non-compete agreement is classified as a service provided by the business seller to the buyer.
CBDT and SEBI would enter into a Memorandum of Understanding, which inter-alia would include modalities of / exchange of data, maintenance of confidentiality, a mechanism for safe preservation of data, weeding out after usage, etc. about the Assessees.
Supreme Court has stayed the Rajasthan High Court order that extended the deadline for filing of Form GSTR-9 (annual return) and Form GSTR-9C (reconciliation statement) without fine by up to a week to February 12, 2020 on a plea by the Centre that the move could undermine its efforts to boost GST compliance.
RBI issued a draft framework for authorization of a pan-India new umbrella entity (NUE) for retail payment systems. At present, only the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), a not-for-profit company, performs this role. The NUE could choose to be a for-profit entity or a not-for-profit as defined under Section 8 of the Companies Act. 
RBI has come up with some changes in operational guidelines for the captioned scheme contained in circular on 'Interest Subvention Scheme for MSMEs'. Under the changes, it has been allowed to submit statutory auditor certificate by June 30, 2020 and in the meantime, to settle claims based on internal/concurrent auditor certificate.

E- assessment scheme 2019 was introduced to eliminatethe interface between the A. O and the assesse. Main feature of scheme were notified by CBDT vide Notification No. 61 and 62 /2019 dated 12/09/2019.

Gujarat High Court has granted interim relief in the case of interest liability on gross tax payable by restraining the department from coercive action for non-payment of interest amount. 

Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs has launched a revamped and streamlined program to attract investments into India and strengthen Make in India through manufacture and other operations under the bond scheme, under Customs Act, 1962.

SEBI has issued a Master circular on Guidelines on Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Standards and Combating the Financing of terrorism (CFT) / Obligations of Securities Market Intermediaries under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 and Rules framed thereunder.

RBI governor came under pressure at the bank’s board meeting last week, with two external directors questioning how a string of frauds that have surfaced since 2018 remained undetected for years. The two board members referred to the losses suffered by Punjab National Bank, which bankrolled jeweller Nirav Modi and his uncle Mehul Choksi; the multiple irregularities in IL&FS, which came to light after the firm defaulted on payment obligations; and the recent failure of Punjab & Maharashtra Coop (PMC) Bank — 70% of whose loan book was cornered by Mumbai-based realtor HDIL.

Importers and exporters will have to mandatorily declare GSTIN in documents from February 15 as the revenue department moves to crackdown on evaders and plug Goods and Services Tax revenue leakage. In a circular, the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) said certain cases have come to notice where the importer or exporter did not declare their GSTIN in the Bill of Entry/Shipping Bill despite being registered with GSTN. GSTIN is a 15-digit PAN-based unique identification number allotted to every registered person under GST.

While importers have to fill Bill of Entry with Customs department while importing goods, exporters have to file Shipping Bill. “With effect from February 15, 2020, the declaration of GSTIN shall also be mandatory in import/export documents for the importers and exporters registered as GST taxpayers,” the circular said.
While importers are paying IGST on imports but not claiming credit for the same. This essentially means that the supply of imported goods to domestic channels is being done without a bill.
A similar situation has been witnessed on cess charged on luxury and sin goods with companies paying it at the time of imports but not claiming credit or setting it off from final GST paid by consumers. 
Further, exporters have also been asked to provide details of the state and district of origin of goods and details of preferential agreements under which goods are being exported in the shipping bill.

Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT) has reversed decisions given in favour of seven companies by the Commissioner of Income Tax (CIT) appeals office at Nagpur, in cases involving allegedly suspicious entries of share capital and share premium.

Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT) of Bangalore has allowed a claim of deduction under section 54/54F of the IncomeTax Act on a house purchased by the assessee outside India.

Income Tax Amounts involved in personal income tax (PIT) disputes could jump by a massive Rs 2.5-3 lakh crore in the current financial year from close to Rs 4 lakh crore at the end of FY19 for the sole reason of post-demonetsation cash deposits in banks by about 90,000 individuals that have to date remained unexplained by them to the taxman’s satisfaction.

Direct Tax Vivad Se Vishwas Bill, 2020, seeks to cut down on nearly 4.8 lakh tax disputes involving an amount of Rs 9.32 lakh crore (up to November 30, 2019) by giving the taxpayers the facility to escape interest on the disputed tax amount and any penalty. All direct tax-related cases pending before the Commissioner (Appeals), Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, high courts or the Supreme Court as on January 31, 2020 are eligible for the scheme. The scheme provides that if a taxpayer avails it by March 31, 2020, then he would get complete waiver of interest and penalty.

Direct tax dispute settlement scheme will not cover cases related to undisclosed overseas assets initiated on the basis of information from another country. Neither will it apply to prosecutions under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act and the income tax Act.

Direct Tax Vivad se Vishwas Bill, 2020 for dispute resolution related to Direct Tax, which provides for following:—
(a) Provisions of the Bill shall be applicable to appeals filed by taxpayers or Government, which are pending with  CIT (Appeals), ITAT, HC or SC as on 31.01.2020 irrespective of whether demand in such cases is pending or has been paid;
(b) pending appeal may be against disputed tax, intt or penalty in relation to an assessment or reassessment order or against disputed interest, disputed feeswhere there is no disputed tax. Appeal may also be against the tax determined on defaults in respect of TDS or TCS;
(c) in appeals related to disputed tax, declarant shall only pay whole of disputed tax if payment is made before 31.03.2020 and for payments made after the 31.03.2020 but on or before the date notified by CG, amt payable shall be increased by 10% of disputed tax
(d) in appeals related to disputed penalty, disputed intt or disputed fee, amt payable by declarant shall b 25%. of  disputed penalty, disputed intt or disputed fee, if payment is made on or before 31.03.2020. If payment is made after 31.03.2020 but on or before date notified by Central Government, amt payable shall b increased to 30% of disputed penalty, disputed intt or disputed fee.

GST: BIG Relief Direction to file GSTR 9 and 9C without late fees till 12th Feb by Hon’ble Rajasthan High Court in PIL filed by TBA, JODHPUR vs UOl In PIL No 1805/2020.

Direct tax collection target has been downward revised to Rs 11.80 lakh crore in the Union Budget after making a "realistic assessment" of various economic factors. The set target for revenue collection (personal income tax, corporate tax and others) was Rs 13.35 lakh crore for the FY 2019-20. 

Employer's contribution exceeding Rs 7.5 lakh in a financial year to retirement funds such as Employees Provident Fund (EPF), National Pension System (NPS), or any other superannuation fund is proposed to be made taxable in the hands of the employee.

Budget Tax Audit Requirement -U/S 44AB of the Income Tax Act, every person carrying on a business or profession is required to get its accounts audited if the total sales, turnover or gross receipts in business exceed INR 1 Cr or, in case of a profession, exceed INR 50 Lac in any previous year. To reduce the compliance burden on small and medium enterprises, it is proposed that the threshold limit for persons carrying on business shall be increased from Rs 1 Cr to 5 Cr provided the aggregate of; 

all receipts including sales, turnover and gross receipts in cash does not exceed 5% of total receipts; and 

all payments including expenditure in cash does not exceed 5% of total payments. 

However, in the case of individuals or HUF, for the purpose of tax withholding compliances under section 194A, 194C, 194H, 194I, 194J and 206C of the Act, the aggregate limit has not been changed: INR 1 Cr in the case of business and INR 50 Lacs in the case of professionals (in the preceding financial year). This proposed amendment will be effective from 1 April 2020.

Net direct tax collections so far this financial year were Rs 7.3 lakh crore against Rs 7.7 lakh crore in the corresponding period in FY19, finance ministry officials said. This implies a shortfall of about Rs 40,000 crore or over 5%. 

Penalty for Non – Filling of GSTR-9C within due date the taxpayer has to pay Rs. 25000/- as no specific clause for it. thus general penalty RS 50000/- 9C and Gstr-9( 100+100=200) per day max. Upto 0.25% of total turnover of that year including amendment made by dealer(Gstr-9 penalty)

Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) has frozen tax credits of around Rs 40,000 crore as the returns did not match, exposing alleged fraud by close to 2,000 entities, apart from cases where returns were not filed. 

Gujrat High Court in the case of Mohit Mineral Pvt. Ltd. v. UOI has declared levy of IGST on ocean freight & corresponding notifications as ultra-vires the IGST Act, 2017 for lacking legislative competence and also declared these notifications as unconstitutional. It is concluded that no IGST is leviable on the ocean freight for the services provided by a person located in non-taxable territory by way of transportation of goods by a vessel from a place outside India up to the customs station of clearance in India.

 MCA is expected to take a major step to revamp the auditor’s report that accompanies company balance-sheets, placing more onus on statutory auditors to fulfill their professional responsibilities. The move is expected in February. Besides overhauling the Companies Auditors Report Order (CARO), the government is also likely to make changes to the secretarial audit reporting that is mandated under the company law. 

National Company Law Tribunal, Cuttack has granted post-facto approval in terms of Section 33(5) of Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code, 2016 to a Liquidator for initiation of a legal proceeding on behalf of the corporate debtor. 

SEBI has specified the uniform structure for imposing fines as a first resort for non-compliance with LODR regulations and the standard operating procedure for suspension and revocation of trading of specified securities.

Income Tax : Compliances on S. 269SU read with Rule 119AA
- It is applicable only to those assesses whose sales / turnover / gross receipts exceeded Rs. 50 Crores in preceding FY i.e. FY 2018-19. It should not include GST.
- The prescribed modes have to be made available by 31st January 2020 to avoid penalty of Rs. 5000/- per day w.e.f. 1st February 2020
- As per the language of the law, the assessee has to provide the prescribed facility of ALL THREE MODES i.e:
  (i)  Debit Card powered by RuPay;
  (ii)  Unified Payments Interface (UPI) (BHIM-UPI); and
  (iii) Unified Payments Interface Quick Response Code (UPI QR Code) (BHIM-UPI QR Code).
- The assessee should further fill the functionality which is enabled in the e-filing login of the assessee whose business turnover exceeded Rs.50 crores.

Net direct tax collections so far this financial year were Rs 7.3 lakh crore against Rs 7.7 lakh crore in the corresponding period in FY19, finance ministry officials said. This implies a shortfall of about Rs 40,000 crore or over 5%. 

Penalty for Non – Filling of GSTR-9C within due date the taxpayer has to pay Rs. 25000/- as no specific clause for it. thus general penalty RS 50000/- 9C and Gstr-9( 100+100=200) per day max. Upto 0.25% of total turnover of that year including amendment made by dealer(Gstr-9 penalty)

Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) has frozen tax credits of around Rs 40,000 crore as the returns did not match, exposing alleged fraud by close to 2,000 entities, apart from cases where returns were not filed. 

Gujrat High Court in the case of Mohit Mineral Pvt. Ltd. v. UOI has declared levy of IGST on ocean freight & corresponding notifications as ultra-vires the IGST Act, 2017 for lacking legislative competence and also declared these notifications as unconstitutional. It is concluded that no IGST is leviable on the ocean freight for the services provided by a person located in non-taxable territory by way of transportation of goods by a vessel from a place outside India up to the customs station of clearance in India.

MCA is expected to take a major step to revamp the auditor’s report that accompanies company balance-sheets, placing more onus on statutory auditors to fulfill their professional responsibilities. The move is expected in February. Besides overhauling the Companies Auditors Report Order (CARO), the government is also likely to make changes to the secretarial audit reporting that is mandated under the company law. 

National Company Law Tribunal, Cuttack has granted post-facto approval in terms of Section 33(5) of Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code, 2016 to a Liquidator for initiation of a legal proceeding on behalf of the corporate debtor. 

SEBI has specified the uniform structure for imposing fines as a first resort for non-compliance with LODR regulations and the standard operating procedure for suspension and revocation of trading of specified securities.

Employer could soon start deducting 20 per cent of salary in case employee fail to provide PAN and Aadhaar details to them. This latest rule of the CBDT, which came into effect on January 16, will be applicable for all those who earn above Rs 2.5 lakh per annum. 

Chief Justice of India S A Bobde on made a case for speedy resolution of tax disputes saying it will act as an incentive for taxpayers and free the funds locked in litigation. Chief Justice said tax judiciary plays a very important role in resource mobilisation of the country and expressed concern over pendency of cases.

Delhi bench of the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) has initiated corporate insolvency resolution proceedings (CIRP) against a Lotus Greens Group Company, the Gurgaon-based Bright Buildtech Pvt. Ltd.

Maharashtra Real Estate Regulatory Authority (Maha-RERA) has ruled that open parking spaces fall within the definition of common areas in the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, and hence developers cannot charge homebuyers for them.

Haryana Real Estate Regulatory Authority will take action against those brokers who are selling properties without a licence in the state.

Supreme Court has set aside the order of National Consumer Dispute Redressal Commission which directed them to jointly pay punitive damages of Rs One Crore for alleged unfair trade practice in relation to the quiz show 'Kaun Banega Crorepati(KBC). 

Sources with direct knowledge of the development said income and corporate tax collections are likely to miss FY2020 targets by as much as Rs 1.5 lakh crore while indirect taxes may fall short by about Rs 50,000 crore on drop in the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in a sluggish economy.
The exchequer was shaved off Rs 1.45 lakh crore as the government slashed corporate tax rates up to 10 percentage points, the biggest reduction in 28 years. Base corporate tax for existing companies has been reduced to 22 per cent from 30 per cent, and to 15 per cent from 25 per cent for new manufacturing firms incorporated after October 1, 2019, and starting operations before March 31, 2023.

If provident fund (PF) withdrawal or PF transfer is getting stuck due to the missing date of exit in the EPFO system, here’s a piece of good news. The Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) has introduced a facility in the Unified Portal wherein the employee can enter the date of exit from the previous or the last employer by oneself. Till now, only the employers had the authority to enter or update the exit date of the employee. However, from now onwards even the employee after leaving an organization or company can enter the date of exit.

Tax Invasion is a Social Injustice to fellow citizens - CJI. Chief Justice of India has said that the Tax Invasion is a Social Injustice to follow citizens and arbitrary or excessive tax is also results in injustice to tax payers

GST authorities to block GST Credit of over 1,000 Taxpayers who have allegedly claimed more credit than they were eligible for.

Continue to file GSTR-3B by 20 of next month if turnover in last year exceeds 5cr. For others, due date to be 22/24 of next month as per State of Registration. Proposal wef April 2020

Sebi put in place a stricter mechanism to deal with non-compliance of listing conditions under which stock exchanges will have powers to slap penalties up to Rs 50,000 for certain violations. At present, a stock exchange is allowed to charge a maximum amount of Rs 10,000 for each violation of listing norms that need to be complied with by companies.
Reserve Bank of India on Wednesday defended in the Supreme Court its 2018 circular directing banks to desist from dealing in any transactions involving crypto currencies, insisting that it had always been consistent in its opposition to allowing any other payments systems and undermining the integrity of the banking system.
Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) in Karnataka may soon have the judicial powers, similar to what is enjoyed by the consumer forum.
Delhi High Court has held that applications filed for seeking permission to sell a vehicle seized by the bank in cases of default cannot be kept pending for long and should be disposed of within 60 days.

Direct tax collections till January 15 stood at Rs 7.3 lakh crore, down 5.2% from the year-ago period. There is no precedent of a contraction in direct tax growth at least in recent history. Gross direct tax collections — after refunds but before devolution to states — for FY20 is budgeted to grow at 17.4% to Rs 13.35 lakh crore. 

?GSTR-3B due dates for Delhi (07) now rescheduled:- 1) For Annual Turnover Rs. 5 crore or more in previous financial year - 20th of next month. 2) For Annual Turnover up to Rs. 5.00 crore in previous financial year - 24th of next month.

Kerala High Court in the matter of Kannangayathu Metals decided that if transportation vehicle is carrying proper E way bill and Tax Invoice but the truck driver has taken some other route to reach the destination, vehicle and goods cannot be detained solely because driver has opted for a different route.

GST Network said a total of 65.65 lakh returns for December were filed till January 20, out of which 13.30 lakh returns were filed on the last day itself. “There have been few issues about one-time passwords (OTPs) being received with some time lag on account of delay by the email service provider or local internet issues. 

Calcutta High Court held that the corporate insolvency resolution procedure enumerated under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) cannot be used as a tool to curtail any claim which arose prior to the commencement of the insolvency proceedings.  

Allahabad High Court has upheld the constitutional validity of section 164(2) of the companies Act 2013, which stipulates that a Director whose company has not filed Financial Statements or Annual Returns for any continuous period of three financial years, shall be disqualified from holding the position for five years

?Bombay High Court In the case of ? PCIT vs. Pinaki D. Panani  Even if the purchases made by the assessee are to be treated as bogus, it does not mean that entire amount can be disallowed. As the AO did not dispute the consumption of the raw materials and completion of work, only a percentage of net profit on total turnover can be estimated  (Favour of Assessee). 

Jaipur ITAT quashes the final assessment order passed without issuing draft assessment order u/s 144C of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (‘Act’). Jaipur ITAT notes that the TPO had made additions pertaining to domestic transactions and assessee was an eligible assessee as defined u/s 144C(15). Further, it was held that service of draft order was not merely a procedural requirement but a mandatory procedure to be followed by the AO– Jhandewala Foods Limited vs ACIT 

GST Taxpayer not entitled to additional GST due to faulty contract clauses. HC of Kerala dated 20th March, 2019 regarding levy and collection of tax in case of Jilmon John V. State of Kerala [2019] 112 taxmann.com 62. 

GST :Goods and Transport vehicle cannot be detained by the department on the ground of non filing of GSTR 3B and GSTR 1 ( Ref : Relcon Foundation Pvt Ltd - Kerela High Court )

DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF GST INTELLIGENCE (HQRS) F.No. 587/CE/167/Po1/2019/11219-11269 dated 13.01.2020 regarding Blocking of Input Tax Credit under rule 86A(1)(a) of CGST.

 Central Goods & Services Tax (CGST) administration has started blocking input tax credit (ITC) for assessees who availed credit against fake invoices, or against invoices without the receipt of goods or services, or both.

Revenue department has set a target of Rs 1.18 lakh crore of average monthly Goods and Services Tax (GST) collection in the remaining three months of the fiscal (January-March) and has asked the indirect tax department to specially focus on fraudulent input tax credit (ITC) claims as revealed in data analytics review.
GST authorities have zeroed in on about 40,000 companies for claiming excess or wrongful tax rebates, who will now be pursued for recovery of tax dues. If the authorities are not able to recover tax dues from the identified companies with the electronic communication such as emails and text messages, they will be visited by officials and further steps will be taken. 
Ahmadabad bench of National Company Law Tribunal has admitted  a petition filed by IDBI bank to initiate corporate insolvency  resolution process (CIRP) against Anil Ambani's Reliance Naval and Engineering Limited (RNEL) for failing to repay the debt.

Central Government agreed to take over troubled real estate giant Unitech to streamline the management of the company which is in a financial  mess caused by siphoning off of more than 50% of money deposited by individuals and financial institutions.
Reserve Bank of India has included the National Population Register letter as an officially valid document (OVD) for Know Your Customer (KYC) verification for opening bank accounts or applying for credit cards. The Reserve Bank of India has also allowed a video based customer identification process for verification.  

Change of address in PAN database by assessee is mandatory. Notice u/s 143(2) served on the address given in PAN is sufficient: Supreme Court

RBI issues new debit and credit card rules to improve convenience and security of card transactions
Govt saves Rs 350 Cr fake IGST refund due to untraceable of over 1200 exporters. Revenue Dept using its data analytics has discovered a fraud in GST refunds with as many as 1,200 exporters, who have have claimed Rs 350 crore refunds, are now untraceable

Budget may make faking input tax non-bailable crime for buyers too. Govt is likely to make fraudulent claims for input tax credit a non-bailable offence in the hands of recipients of goods and services in the February 1 budget by tightening the GST law

CBDT has issued Circular No. 4/2020 dated January-16-2020 detailing out all Comprehensive Guidelines for Deduction of TDS on Salaries by the Employers for the Financial Year 2019-2020. 

Income tax department has started questioning the local subsidiaries of several multinational companies to ascertain whether they have foreign operations managed from India. In cases where this is established, the department wants them to pay tax here on their income from such operations. It has already issued notices to the subsidiaries of several MNCs. 

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India has mandated liquidators of transfer unclaimed dividends or proceeds generated during a voluntary insolvency process into a designated account before applying for dissolution of the company.

National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) on Thursday said it will provide a formula for proceeds distribution among the creditors of debt-ridden IL&FS group firms.

Delhi Commissioner VAT has opened the portal for filing of Form 9 for the year 2015-16. 

Cabinet will soon consider a proposal to amend the Companies Act to decriminalize about 44 of 66 offences, including corporate social responsibility (CSR) violations and non-filing of returns. It will also consider easing remuneration norms to allow loss-making companies to offer higher salaries to key managerial personnel. 

Delhi High Court has recapitulated the law with respect to the liability of Independent, Non-executive directors of the Company in complaints filed under Section 138 of NI Act 1881, for the dishonor of cheque.

Kerala high court has tried to clear the air over the contentious issue of composite supplies under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) which experts say may become guiding principles to decide cases in litigation. If more than one good or service are supplied by a company, these could be considered composite or mixed under the GST system.

Ministry of Corporate Affairs is set to notify new rules for the treatment of third party assets of a stressed financial company under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code.  

Government appointed Michael Debaprata Patra as the deputy governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The appointment of Patra, who is currently an executive director at the central bank, comes nearly six months after former deputy governor Viral Acharya’s pre-mature resignation.  

Securities Appellate Tribunal (SAT) on January 14 upheld the fine of over Rs 2,423 crore levied by markets regulator SEBI on four directors of PACL Ltd for illegal fund mobilisation through various schemes from public. 

Bombay High Court has appointed a committee for speedy disposal of assets of Housing Development and Infrastructure Ltd.—a borrower to crisis-hit Punjab and Maharashtra Cooperative Bank. The three-member committee will determine how proceeds from the sale of the properties will be used.

Income tax department now wants to know not only about your earnings and investments but also about your expenses in new income tax return (ITR) forms. Although the finance ministry has relaxed eligibility conditions for filing ITR-1 and ITR-4 forms, yet no changes have been made in the new ITR forms which were notified last week. 

GST: Banks, airlines, insurance companies, armed forces and telecom service providers are likely to be exempted from mandatory issuing of e-invoices under goods and services tax. 

ITR 1 & 4 AY 2020-21 can be used if assessee owns joint property. ITR-1 can be used if electricity/travel expenses or deposits in current accounts exceed threshold.
Finance Ministry on Friday extended deadline to avail waiver of late fee chargeable on GSTR-1 pertaining to period from July 2017 to November 2019 from 10 January to 17 January.
Sebi came out with guidelines for entities for operating as investment advisers in International Financial Services Centre (IFSC), under which such advisers need to have a net worth of at least USD 1.5 million. The decision has been taken following the representations received from various stakeholders, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) said in a circular. 
Sebi is considering relaxing the March 31 deadline for listed companies to separate the positions of chairman and managing director (CMD). While the market regulator gave ample time to India Inc to adhere to the rule, not many corporate houses have complied with it. 
RBI decided to permit video-based KYC (Know Your Customer) which will be a huge relief to map remote customer authentication, as opposed to physically on boarding customers. The provision allows an officer of the institution to remotely vet a customer’s identity through PAN or Aadhaar and a few questions.

GST Department to Audit 70% of Taxpayers for AY 17-18. GST authorities have begun issuing notices for the tax audit exercise, which involves detailed scrutiny of the accounts and records for FY18. Tax authorities have issued notices seeking audit of accounts and records from July 2017 till March 2018, the first year of GST implementation.

MCA has extended the time offered to companies to provide information about persons who control 10% or more stake in the entity by 3 months. The process of informing the MCA about significant beneficial owners (SBOs) is part of the exercise to bring in more transparency about persons with significant control over a firm.

National Company Law Tribunal on warned Jet Airways (India) Ltd. Committee of Creditors of contempt proceedings if they do not release interim funds to the resolution professional by Jan. 20 for completion of insolvency proceedings.

RBI is planning to auction distressed private banks that are under the Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework for a prolonged period, the Business Standard reported. This is part of the RBI’s plan to have a different rule book for distressed banks. 

As per section 55A of SEBI Act and Mca Notification dated 22-05-2019, every limited company is required to get Demat registration with nsdl/ cdsl and obtain ISIN. Also with the amendment in section 29 of the Companies act 2013, the word public has been omitted. Hence, private companies may be required to obtain ISIN as well.

A number of trusts set up in overseas tax havens using a complex maze of entities have come under the scanner of Indian and Swiss authorities for suspected tax evasion by parking of illicit funds in Switzerland-based banks, as per notices issued to those entities. In addition, several individuals who are suspected to have moved abroad after evading taxes back in India are also being probed and their banking details are in the process of being shared by the Swiss authorities with their Indian counterparts.

GST: Medicines/consumables used in the course of providing health care services is ‘composite supply’, exempt from GST. CMC Vellore Association, (AAR - TAMILNADU). 

Revenue Department has brought to the notice of the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGCF) instances of ‘mis-availment’ of Integrated Goods & Services Tax (IGST) refunds, based on fake invoices, by some exporters holding ‘star’ status. It has also advised the DGFT, under the Commerce Ministry, to make the exporters’ accreditation system more robust.

Tax authorities step up heat on erring businesses with GST Audit. GST authorities have started audit of businesses for FY18, the year of the indirect tax reform, indicating that erring assessees will now be held accountable for lapses in tax payment and record keeping

This is to bring to your notice that a committee headed by Union Home Minister, Mr. Amit Shah has been constituted to strengthen legal framework around sexual harassment at workplace.
The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013" or ("POSH Act 2013"), that could shortly be followed by an audit by regulatory authorities.   
The POSH Act 2013 is applicable to all companies operating in India and below are the compliances which companies have to perform:
1.    create policy and service rules,
2.    form Internal Complaints Committee (“IC”) at all operating locations (with more than 10 employees),
3.    conduct annual training for IC and employees,
4.    Annual/periodic filing with respective authorities.       

MCA adds Additional criteria for requirement of Secretarial Audit if outstanding loan or borrowings from banks or PFIsis RS 100 Cr. Or more. Notf dtd 03.01.2020
MCA increases Threshold Limit for requirement to appoint of CS in Pvt. Ltd. From Rs. 5 Cr. to Rs. 10 Cr. MCA notification dtd. 3rd January,2020

CBDT Further gives Extension of time limit of 12 months for applying for Compounding of Offences under Income Tax Act till 31.1.2020. Circular 1/2020-Income Tax of 3.1.2020.

CBDT has notified Rule 119AA of Income tax Rules, 1962 mandating businessmen with Turnover more than INR 50 crores to have facility to accept payment through Rupay Debit Card, BHIM-UPI, UPI QR Code w.e.f. 01.02.2020 otherwise penalty may be levied for INR 5,000 per day.

CBDT releases ITR 1 and ITR 4 for FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21) vide notification no. 01/2020 dated 
3 January 2020.

No Income Tax is required to be paid by a Professional with Turnover upto INR 10 Lakhs since FLAT 50% will be deemed as Income and hence, No tax will be levied since the Exemption Limit applicable will be INR 5 Lakhs for F.Y. 2019-20 (including 87A Limit)

GST amendments have been made effective w.e.f. 01.01.2020:

Aadhar Authentication has been made mandatory for GST Registrations.
Mandatory online modes of accepting payment also inserted in GST as inserted in Section 269SU of Income tax Act.
Transfer of Cash Ledger balances on the common portal within Major and Minor Heads has been allowed.
Penalty of 10% has been introduced under anti-profiteering provisions.
New SEZ Registrants needs to provide SEZ related information in REG-01.
TRAN-1 and TRAN-2 dates extended for taxpayers facing “technical issues” to 31.03.2020 and 30.04.2020* respectively.

GST: As a one-time measure to enable taxpayers to clear the backlog of all #GSTR-1 which have not been filed from July 2017 to Nov 2019, a late fee waiver till 10.01.2020 (vide NN 74/2019 dt. 26.12.2019) has been provided.

E-commerce cos may get to upload GST e-invoice for vendors
In a significant relaxation for the ecommerce sector, the government could allow online platforms such as Amazon and Flipkart to upload e-invoice for vendors under the goods and services tax (GST) framework. As part of ongoing trials of e-invoicing, a detailed set of clarifications in the form of frequently asked questions have been issued. “Ecommerce operator can request for e-invoice on behalf of supplier,” the clarification said. The matter has been taken up by the government and could be allowed once the trial period is over. Voluntary uploading of e-invoices on the GSTN portal kicked off from January 1, for businesses having turnover over Rs 500 crore. For businesses having annual turnover over Rs 100 crore will be effective from February 1. Only 10,000 line items per e-invoice would be allowed, as per the FAQ. Foreign services providers will have to set up local entities to integrate with the invoice registration portal (IRP), as per the FAQs.

Revenue secretary, tax commissioners to meet on streamlining GST system
To streamline Goods and Service Tax (GST) system and refunds, enhance GST compliance and discourage tax evaders, commissioners of state tax and chief commissioners of central tax are scheduled to hold a daylong brainstorming session, under the chairmanship of Revenue Secretary Ajay Bhushan Pandey, in New Delhi on 7 January. GST collections crossed the ?1 trillion mark for the second consecutive month in December but missed the target of ?1.1 trillion for the month set by the finance ministry. The central government has beefed up efforts to boost GST revenue collections as both tax and non-tax revenue collections so far this fiscal have been well below expectation. Discussions in the meeting would focus on the road ahead with e-invoicing, new return system and feedback, e-way bill linking with FASTag, pendency of refunds, linkage of Aadhaar to GST registration and the QR code. 

AI, data analytics to track GST evaders, boost compliance
The government plans to increase the use of artificial intelligence and data analytics to track down tax evaders, and improve compliance with the Goods and Service Tax in order to augment revenue.
Top tax officials are scheduled to participate in a brainstorming session to be chaired by revenue secretary Ajay Bhushan Pandey next week to firm up this plan.
The revenue secretary will hold a day-long meeting on January 7 with tax commissioners to discuss ways to streamline the GST system and plug leakages due to fraud,” said a person aware of the development.

CBDT extends deadline for compounding of income tax offences till Jan 31. CBDT has extended till January 31 the last date for taxpayers to avail a "one-time" facility to apply for compounding of income tax offences
Bank employees to go on nationwide strike on Jan 8. Normal banking services at bank branches and ATMs are likely to be impacted as major bank unions have decided to resort to an all-India general strike on January 8

CBDT to fine businesses Rs 5,000/day for not using digital payment facilities
From February 1, businesses will be fined Rs 5,000 per day if they fail to accept payments through digital payment facilities - CBDT

CBDT further extends the timeline for Linking PAN with Aadhaar from 31st December,2019 to 31st March,2020.Notification No. 107/2019

No anticipatory bail, GST violators can be arrested without FIR, clarifies SC

Startups can get Company Identification Number (CIN), PAN, GSTIN, EPFO No & Employer Code under ESIC in one application at MCA portal through SPICE-AGILE Form.

MCA has extended due date of filing Form BEN-2  and BEN-1 without late fees to 31.03.2020. General Circular No. 1/2020.

MCA has extended due date of filing CRA-4 (Cost Audit Report) for F.Y. 2018-19 without late fees to 29.02.2020. General Circular No. 17/2019.

Wef 11.01.2020, e-way bill will not be generated even if GSTR-1 is pending. File all pending GSTR-1 since Jul 17 to Nov 19 by 10.01.2020 without late fee.

May God bless all with a happy and prosperous new year 2020
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